From the perspective of national policy, the country has begun to lay out smart transportation since 2015, and since 2020, policies on Intelligent connected vehicles have been introduced intensively. According to the current policy guidelines, it is expected that in 2025, China will realize the conditional large-scale production of autonomous intelligent vehicles, and basically realize the strategic goal of a transportation power in 2035.
At present, the automatic driving technology level of domestic independent brand mass production vehicles is close to L2. Although some domestic OEMs have R & D capabilities, such as great wall and BAIC, for the sake of safety and market demand, the L2 functions of domestic models are mainly supplied by foreign large Tier1 suppliers, such as mainland China and Bosch.
As domestic car companies and Internet companies continue to speed up the layout of automatic driving, domestic L3 level mass production models are expected to be launched in 2020-2021, and the penetration rate of L2 + level auxiliary driving is also expected to be further improved. Since 2020, the actions of various automobile enterprises have been frequent and eye-catching. On March 10, based on the mass production vehicle uni-t, Changan Automobile started the first live production experience of L3 automatic driving in China, officially opening the mass production curtain of L3 in China. Over the past period of time, many domestic automobile enterprises have announced or will soon launch L3 mass production vehicles.
For example, GAC new energy also aims at L3 automatic driving in high-speed scenarios, and has launched the AIAN V for this purpose. The vehicle is equipped with ADiGO3.0 automatic driving system, based on the three senses of “high precision map + high precision radar +MobileyeEyeQ4 camera” and “Beidou +GPS” dual mode positioning system, which can realize high-speed and city wide speed 0-120km/h driving and full automatic driving on the urban expressway.
On November 12, Didi automatic driving company announced that it had obtained the license of new automatic driving test section in Shanghai, becoming the first company to obtain the license of three test areas in Shanghai. It is understood that didi has obtained road test licenses in Beijing, Shanghai, Suzhou and Hefei.
On December 4, the joint working group of Beijing automatic driving test management issued the first batch of five unmanned road test (phase I) notices to Baidu Apollo. It is reported that this is the first time that Beijing allows test subjects to conduct unmanned automatic driving test on open roads, which is another breakthrough in the development of automatic driving.
Looking at the world, recently, overseas media exposed a group of honda legend L3 class automatic driving prototype cars. It is reported that legend is Honda’s flagship car, equipped with L3 level automatic driving technology and based on more advanced laser radar. The new car has been tested in Europe and is expected to be released in March 2021.
Compared with the past, L3 autopilot is the first time that the system can replace human beings to realize hands off and feet off driving. It can be said that it has really entered the threshold of “true autopilot”, which benefits from the application of high-precision map. High precision map is the threshold technology of L3 level automatic driving, which can achieve 0.1M Lane level positioning, accurately obtain three-dimensional information of the road, and predict the road condition of 1km ahead. Although L3 level automatic driving has a bright future, the problem of landing difficulty is gradually emerging.
Why is it difficult for the vehicle equipped with L3 level automatic driving technology to land? Some people in the industry believe that the main factors are technology and application environment. The technology itself needs to be improved, especially from the experimental site to the real traffic scene. Policy environment, traffic environment and other application environment are not perfect, also formed a certain obstacle. It is believed that with the development of technology and the increase of policy support, the relevant problems can be properly solved.
According to the research and analysis forecast of JPMorgan, from 2019 to 2025, China’s L1 to L5 auxiliary driving and automatic driving market will achieve an average annual growth rate of 33%, and reach about 7.1 billion US dollars in 2025. It is worth noting that the four elements of intelligent networked vehicles, namely algorithms, sensors, high-precision maps and three electric systems, will be the hot investment direction in the future.
No matter how fast the automatic driving industry develops, safety will always be the top priority. Only by ensuring the safe driving of the vehicle and the safety of the passengers, can the automatic driving vehicle drive more steadily and further.
Editor in charge: Tzh