When it comes to desert, a picture emerges in many people’s mind. The boundless yellow sand is hard to be developed and utilized because it is inaccessible to human beings. However, with the development of new energy technology, the vast area of desert and the arid and hot climate have become favorable conditions for the utilization of solar energy resources and the development of photovoltaic power stations. So, if we install solar panels in our deserts to generate electricity, how about the power generation effect? What are the beneficial effects on the desert?
Power generation effect of desert in China
Data show that the total area of deserts in China is about 700000 square kilometers, and there are nearly 600000 square kilometers of Gobi desert. Most of these deserts are located in the western region, where annual precipitation is scarce and there are nearly 300 days of scorching sun every year. If these deserts are used for photovoltaic power generation, the power generation will be very considerable.
Take Taklimakan Desert, our largest desert, for example. The total area of Taklimakan desert is 330000 square kilometers, surrounded by inaccessible areas. According to NASA research, every square meter of desert receives about 2000 kwh to 3000 kwh of solar energy every year. If we can convert all these solar energy into electric energy, it will be enough to use 1 kW of electrical appliances for 3000 hours. According to the average annual household electricity consumption of 6000 watts in China, only 2 square meters of desert can meet the annual household electricity consumption.
Advantages of desert photovoltaic power station
For people living in desert areas, the construction of photovoltaic power station is not harmful, and the change is huge. First of all, the photovoltaic power station can solve the employment problem of most local people, because the large-scale development of solar energy industry in desert areas and the construction of photovoltaic power station will inevitably increase many jobs, effectively solving the employment problem of local people. According to a report, in recent years, 2.3 million jobs have been created in the field of renewable energy alone, and it is estimated that at least 20 million additional jobs will be created by 2030. Moreover, photovoltaic power station can reduce surface water evaporation and promote vegetation restoration. The installation of solar panels can effectively reduce the direct radiation of solar energy, greatly reduce the evaporation of surface water, and promote the recovery and growth of desert vegetation.
Finally, photovoltaic power station can prevent wind and sand, improve the ecological environment. Large scale solar panels can reduce the surface wind speed, play the role of wind and sand fixation, and improve the local vegetation and ecological environment. Moreover, photovoltaic power generation replaces coal-fired power, slowing down global warming and improving air quality. This is not only good for the residents in desert areas, but also good for the environmental protection of people all over the world.
The successful application and practical effect of Several Desert power station projects verify the feasibility of photovoltaic power generation to change the desert. In the future, China’s photovoltaic enterprises will strive to innovate and bring infinite vitality to the desert. Zhanyu photovoltaic, which provides one-stop Zhihui photovoltaic solutions for the global photovoltaic market, develops delicately in all directions, dominates the overall situation with global vision, open thinking and innovative spirit, adheres to the development strategy of “diversification, branding and internationalization”, and takes “feeling the new world” as its mission. It is committed to leading the intelligent transformation of the global energy industry and providing green energy for the country and the world Source road contributes its own strength.