The Internet of things (IOT) refers to billions of physical devices around the world. They are now connected to the Internet, and all devices are collecting and sharing data. Thanks to the advent of ultra-low price computer chips and the popularity of wireless networks, connecting all these different objects and adding sensors to them can provide a certain degree of digital intelligence for devices, which are already very clumsy, so that they can carry out real-time data communication without involving humans. The Internet of things integrates the digital world and the physical world, making the structure of the world around us more intelligent and responsive.
What is an example of an Internet of things device?
If you can connect any physical object to the Internet for control or exchange information, you can almost convert it into an IOT device. The light bulb that can be turned on using a smartphone application is an IOT device, as is the motion sensor or smart thermostat or connected street lamp in the office. Internet of things devices can be as fluffy as children’s toys or as serious as driverless trucks.
Some larger objects themselves may have many smaller IOT components, such as jet engines, and now have thousands of sensors that collect and transmit data back to ensure their effective operation. The smart city project is filling the whole area with sensors on a larger scale to help us understand and control the environment.
The term Internet of things is mainly used for devices that do not usually expect to have an Internet connection and can communicate with the network independently of human operation. Therefore, a PC is usually not considered an IOT device or a smartphone – even if the smartphone is full of sensors. However, smart watches, fitness belts or other wearable devices may be considered IOT devices.
Editor in charge: PJ