The U.S. announced the list of Chinese goods subject to tariff increase on May 11, with the tax rate adjusted from the original 10% to 25%! On May 13, CCTV news bluntly criticized the U.S. trade war behavior, and the Chinese government announced the anti-tariff measures against the U.S. tariff, increasing the tariff rate of US $60 billion import and export goods from June 1, respectively by 25%, 20% and 10%.
In the U.S. list of trade wars, involving aerospace, information technology, communication technology, robotics and other industries, including about 1300 independent tariff items, fasteners, springs, bearings and other general mechanical parts are also included.
In the trade list released by the US side, the following points are clearly stated:
1. Starting from June, reduce the trade surplus by US $100 billion in 12 months and another US $100 billion in the next 12 months.
2. Stop all subsidies to advanced manufacturing industry in “made in China 2025” plan. The program covers 10 areas, including aircraft manufacturing, electric vehicles, robots, computer microchips and artificial intelligence.
3. Accept that the United States may restrict the import of industries related to made in China 2025.
4. Take “direct and verifiable measures” to prevent cyber espionage from entering the commercial network of the United States.
5. Strengthen the protection of intellectual property.
6. Accept the U.S. investment and restrictions on China’s sensitive technology, and do not retaliate.
7. Reduce the current average tariff of 10% to the same level as the United States – in the United States, the average tariff for all “non critical sectors” is 3.5%.
8. Fully open China’s service industry and agriculture to enable the United States to enter full competition
With the gradual increase of land and labor costs in the mainland, the competitiveness of enterprises in the mainland can no longer rely on low-cost labor and land costs. Because of this, the automation industry in the mainland is rising actively. There are many manufacturers in mainland China. In just five or six years, the factory building has changed from full labor to automatic robot, which is the way to solve the rising labor cost. According to the data statistics in 2018, the use of robots in mainland China now accounts for more than 30% of the world’s consumption, and the mainland has become a big country in the application of industrial robots.
Data gives China a lot of determination
In terms of patents for scientific and technological innovation, according to the statistics of “development of global AI patent resources” in 2018, the number of AI patents in mainland China is 34000, second only to the United States, ranking second in the world. Take special robots and service robots for example, because they are still in the early stage of marketization. Unlike industrial robots, which have obviously emerged as leading enterprises, there is no industrial leader in the world at present, and special robots in the mainland have gradually emerged in the trend of industrialization. These special robots can play a great role in public security events such as earthquakes, extreme climate, fires, etc effect.
According to the data released by people’s daily on May 13, Zhongguancun National Independent Innovation Demonstration Zone in Beijing opened its doors in the first quarter of this year: the total revenue of high-tech enterprises above Designated Size reached 1.3 trillion yuan, up 14.9% year on year. The technological revenue grew rapidly, with the technological revenue of 217.16 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 23.7%; the growth of key high-tech fields such as electronics and information, advanced manufacturing, new materials and application technology was good, with a year-on-year increase of 17.4%, 11.4% and 11.3% respectively; the scientific and technological investment of enterprises was active, with a total of 50.84 billion yuan in research and development expenses, a year-on-year increase of 20.9%.
This is a microcosm of the new driving force of science and technology driving economic stability. Statistics from the torch center of the Ministry of science and technology show that from January to February this year, 168 National High-tech Zone enterprises in China achieved an operating revenue of 4.9 trillion yuan, an increase of 9.3% year-on-year; actually paid taxes of 290.96 billion yuan, an increase of 12.4% year-on-year; the operating revenue margin was 6.1%; the number of newly registered enterprises in the park was 46000, an increase of 11.6% year-on-year, and innovation and entrepreneurship continued to be active. By the end of February, the fixed asset investment of the national high tech Zone was 441.96 billion yuan, up 7.4% year-on-year, 1.3 percentage points higher than the national growth rate.
The science and technology innovation board officially launched this year has opened a new financing door for those science and technology innovation enterprises that master core technology and have great potential. As of May 8, 103 enterprises have been accepted by science and technology innovation board, and the total amount of funds to be raised has exceeded 100 billion yuan. This will give full play to the role of capital market in supporting innovative economy and provide impetus for enterprise innovation.
In terms of intellectual property, the quantity and quality of intellectual property creation have increased. From January to March this year, there were 341000 applications for invention patents, 116000 invention patents, 503000 utility model patents, 375000 utility model patents, 157000 design patents and 119000 design patents in China. Among them, the amount of authorization and ownership of invention and utility model patents have increased to varying degrees compared with the same period last year, indicating that the innovation willingness of innovation subjects is continuously rising, and the innovation ability is constantly improving, especially in the emerging robot industry and manufacturing industry, the innovation development is rapid.
According to the Research Report of China robotics market forecast, the robot market in mainland China has shown a high-speed growth trend in recent years. It is estimated that the compound annual growth rate will reach 26.9% in 2017-2022, and the robot market scale in 2022 is expected to reach US $80.52 billion, accounting for 38.3% of the global market. (this forecast includes the total expenditure of the terminal on robot ontology, related software and hardware, as well as consultation and system integration services.).
However, compared with the robot development in Europe, the United States and Japan, the development of automatic robots in the mainland started relatively late, and some core technologies are still behind the pace of Europe, the United States and Japan. According to statistics from the Ministry of industry and information technology of the mainland, there are more than 800 enterprises involved in the production of robots in the mainland, of which more than 200 are robot body manufacturing enterprises, but most of them are mainly assembly and OEM, and many of them accept various subsidies from the government.
Robot market in the United States
In contrast, the United States is the birthplace of industrial robots, but there is no scale in the manufacturing process, but it can not be said that the American robot industry is not strong. We see that as early as 1962, we have developed * industrial robots in the world. It’s at least five or six years before Japan, known as the Robot Kingdom, started. After more than 40 years of development, the United States has become one of the robot powers in the world.
The U.S. has been trying to control the R & D and manufacturing of high-end robots. The U.S. government has always focused on the research of robot software and the development of * robots in special fields such as military, universe, ocean, nuclear engineering, etc., which also makes Japan “drill the hole” and occupy a leading position in the industrial market. But American robots still have great advantages in aerospace, military industry, medical treatment and education.
Since 2010, the U.S. government has been encouraging the industry to develop the next generation of robots, such as collaborative robots, intelligent sensing, self-learning robots, in fact, more digital technologies are applied to robots.
In 2017, robot Business Review released its sixth annual “rbr50 list”, like alphabetinc, Amazon robotics, autonomoussolutions, Boston Dynamics, iamrobotics, IBM, intuitvesurvey, Lockheed Martin and locusrobotics, all of which are the current leaders of the U.S. robot industry.
American robot technology is still advanced in the world as a whole, and it is quite advanced in the next generation of intelligent robots. At present, robots used in traditional scenes are rare in American products, but this does not mean that there is no technology reserve in the United States. In many cases, we think that the competitiveness of the United States has declined and lagged behind, but it is likely that the growth curve is a spiral mechanism Above us.
Mark Cuban, publisher and editor in chief of the robot report, said: the United States does not have any advanced robot companies in the world at present. I hope President trump can invest $100 billion in robot technology. The three macro backgrounds I am considering now are as follows: first, the fierce game between China and the United States may lead to the decoupling of politics and economy between China and the United States; second, China’s GDP will surpass that of the United States ten years later according to the current development speed; third, the vigorous development of new technologies, and the wide application of robots, artificial intelligence and big data in the next decade. One belt, one road, and the other two countries, and we must pay more attention to the rest of the world and vigorously promote the “one belt” road; and the “ten” decides the standards of our work. The next ten years will be based on the standards of the world, such as rule of law, news dissemination, social welfare, and education. Can the world *? Three mean that we need to promote the application of technology quickly and to harness technology with our values.
Robots will replace 14% of jobs over the next 20 years. In a report on Tuesday, the OECD said that in the next 15 to 20 years, 14% of global jobs are likely to be replaced by automation technology, and 32% of global jobs are likely to face major changes, with a 50 to 70% chance of being replaced. Scarpert, head of employment, labor and social affairs at the OECD, said the pace of change would be “phenomenal”. According to OECD, changes in employment will have a greater impact on some workers than others, especially young people with lower education, and women who are more likely to be underemployed and to work at low wages. According to the report, at present, one in seven workers in OECD countries is self-employed and one in nine is temporary contract workers. 70% of employees lack basic IT skills.
Perhaps as Zhihu said when referring to the rejection of Chinese talents by foreign robot companies, the netizen’s high praise answer is as follows:
Now, let’s ask some people to tell me that there is no racial discrimination in the United States?
——————It’s not discrimination, it’s fear!