Whether it’s a smart speaker that can talk to you or a virtual artist who can paint by himself; Whether it is a farm management system that can help farmers accurately judge the planting and fertilization time, or a face recognition program that can quickly identify criminals at the concert site, artificial intelligence has begun to be widely used in all walks of life.
So, what is the development trend of artificial intelligence in the future, and what impact will it have on medical, energy, manufacturing, network security and other industries, as well as our work, life, life and health? Recently, Neil jacobstein, the project leader of artificial intelligence and robotics at singularity University, put forward his own prediction. He believes that in the next five years (2019-2024), AI will achieve five breakthroughs.
These breakthroughs include: artificial intelligence will completely change our understanding of traditional recognition patterns; Doctors will be increasingly inseparable from machine learning; Quantum computing will greatly improve the efficiency of drug research and development; Artificial intelligence design system will help us realize accurate atomic manufacturing. Of course, cyber threats will also accompany the development of artificial intelligence, but they will bring more business opportunities from another aspect.
1. Artificial intelligence leads to new achievements in non-human pattern recognition and intelligence
Alphago zero is a machine learning program used to train to play complex go games. In 2017, it beat its previous generation program alphago 100-0. Not long ago, alphago just received global attention because it defeated the world champion of human go in 2016.
Interestingly, alphago zero does not learn from human games, but trains through confrontation with itself, or “self-study”, which is a method called reinforcement learning.
Build your own knowledge from scratch without human prejudice – alphago zero shows a new way of creation. More groundbreaking is that this artificial intelligence pattern recognition allows machines to quickly accumulate knowledge for thousands of years in a few hours.
Although these systems cannot answer “what is orange juice?”, Or compete intellectually with a fifth grader, but it is noteworthy that they are becoming more and more strategically complex and integrated with other forms of weak artificial intelligence.
In the next five years, who knows how the “successor” of alphago zero will appear? But it is certain that the new AI will not only enhance business functions, but also bring more convenience to your daily life.
2. Using machine learning for diagnosis and treatment is becoming more and more important for doctors
A team of Chinese and American researchers recently established an artificial intelligence system that can diagnose common childhood diseases from influenza to meningitis. Through the training of electronic medical records of nearly 600000 patients and 1.3 million outpatient visits, the project has produced accurate diagnostic results.
In addition, we can also see that Dr. Kang Zhang, director of ophthalmic genetics at the University of California, San Diego, has created an artificial intelligence tool that can accurately diagnose blinding retinal diseases and pneumonia. Compared with doctors, this system also shows a very high accuracy.
Jacobstein predicted, “we will soon see a turning point. Doctors will feel that it is a risk not to use machine learning and artificial intelligence in their daily practice because they don’t want to miss important diagnostic signals.”
3. Quantum advantage will greatly accelerate drug design and testing
Researchers estimate that the number of possible drug-like molecules can reach the 60th power of 10, which is so large that it even exceeds the number of atoms in the whole solar system. However, today’s chemists must predict drugs based on the properties affected by the molecular structure, and then synthesize many variants to test their hypothesis.
Quantum computing can transform this time-consuming and costly process into an efficient and life-changing new mechanism for drug discovery.
“Quantum computing will have a significant industrial impact… Not by breaking encryption, but by large-scale parallel processing into the field of design, which can take advantage of quantum superposition, quantum interference and quantum entanglement, and can greatly surpass classical computing,” jacobstein said
4. Impact of artificial intelligence on vulnerability and defense of security system
With the integration of artificial intelligence into all aspects of our life, the network becomes more and more threatening, and “deep attacks” can avoid the control of human and artificial intelligence by using the content generated by artificial intelligence.
Without proper protection, AI systems can be manipulated to perform any number of destructive goals, whether it is to discredit or transfer autonomous vehicle.
“We have security systems in our buildings, homes, healthcare systems, air traffic control, financial organizations, military and intelligence departments. But we all know that these systems have been targeted by periodic hackers, and we will see this acceleration. Therefore, there are many important business opportunities here, and you have many opportunities to surpass this curve before it affects you,” jacobstein said
5. Artificial intelligence design system promotes the breakthrough of atomic precision manufacturing
Just as modern computers have changed our relationship with bits and information, artificial intelligence will redefine and innovate our relationship with molecules and materials.
Artificial intelligence is currently being used to discover new materials in the field of clean technology innovation, such as solar panels, batteries, and devices that can carry out artificial photosynthesis.
According to industry experts, it takes about 15 to 20 years to manufacture a new material. However, with the rapid development of artificial intelligence design system, this will greatly accelerate the process of material discovery and enable us to solve urgent problems such as climate change at a record speed. For example, companies like kebotix have begun to use robotics and artificial intelligence technology to simplify the discovery and creation of materials and chemicals.
Through precise atomic manufacturing, in the future, we may need only one button to produce products we couldn’t imagine before.
Responsible editor: CT