The development of 5g in the first year has laid a good foundation for the new decade. With the promotion of the transformation and upgrading of enterprises to digitization, networking and intelligence, 5g has accelerated its penetration into various industries, and 5g has ushered in vigorous development. On February 21, according to the latest report released by McKinsey on the use of 5g, in the new decade, the world will invest US $700-900 billion to deploy 5g, with a coverage rate of 25%, and users are mainly concentrated in the rich and developed regions of the United States, China and Europe. Why does 5g in full swing benefit so few people? What are the impacts of enterprise transformation?

Compared with 4G, the download speed of 5g network is 10 times that of 4G, and the connection volume of each base station equipment is increased by 100 times. The installed equipment is very expensive. Therefore, 5g network will only cover specific areas in the future.

In order to improve the 5g network coverage before 2030, we have to use the same radio frequency band as 4G, with a construction cost of US $400-500 billion. Its network speed is higher than 4G, but slower than 5g. There are more connections to each base station equipment, which shortens the data transmission delay time. Therefore, 5g networks in low frequency band and medium frequency band are adopted, covering 80% of the global population, about 7 billion people.

At present, around the world, 40% of the population still cannot use the 5g network, but the proportion will be reduced to half by 2030. The GDP in 2018 is about 85 trillion US dollars, and the arrival of 5g will affect the economy of various industries. The four major industries, mobile, medical and health, manufacturing and retail, which account for 30% of the global GDP, are expected to drive the global GDP to grow by 1.5 to 2 trillion US dollars by 2030. In addition, it can also reduce traffic accidents, popularize telemedicine and optimize supply chain management.

In addition to this 5g network in view of the network speed between 4G and 5g, there is also a kind of connection technology that will become the protagonist in the future and achieve low-cost global coverage. This is thousands of satellites launched by SpaceX and oneweb of Softbank into low earth orbit. Therefore, the Internet space track will become a 5g network competition field for many enterprises, Amazon. McKinsey said that once the near earth satellite is successfully deployed, it means that all existing rules will be broken, and the gap between competitors will not exist. However, some problems need to be solved, that is, the price of equipment and data package must be reduced, otherwise it is difficult to popularize, which will affect 5g network coverage.

It can be seen that the application of 5g network is not as easy as we think. It will take time to build and expand the scope of application at low cost in the new decade. For the manufacturing industry, with the accelerated promotion of 5g business, 5g network is being planned to be deployed to prepare for the realization of intelligent manufacturing. In this situation, will 5g network affect production and manufacturing? Will it affect the pace of transformation and upgrading of manufacturing industry to intelligent manufacturing? As a representative of industry 4.0, will industrial robots be affected, causing injury to employees or affecting product quality? Or is the construction of 5g network infrastructure in the manufacturing industry superficial? These questions have to be thought-provoking. What are the facts? Let the market and time verify it. Let’s wait and see.

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