It is said that 5G will change thousands of industries. Among them, 5G healthcare is an important application area of 5G technology in the healthcare industry.
With the official commercialization of 5G and the full integration and application of cutting-edge technologies such as big data, Internet+, artificial intelligence, and blockchain, 5G medical and health care is increasingly showing strong influence and vitality, which is very important for promoting the deepening of medical and health care. System reform, accelerating the construction of “Healthy China” and promoting the development of the medical and health industry have played an important supporting role.
So, how will 5G change the healthcare industry? Let’s take a look at the application of 5G medical and health care in subdivided fields.
1. Telemedicine application scenarios
1. Remote consultation
my country’s vast territory and uneven distribution of medical resources make it difficult for residents in rural or remote areas to obtain timely and high-quality medical services.
Traditional remote consultation uses wired connection for video communication, which has high construction and maintenance costs and poor mobility.
The high-speed characteristics of 5G networks can support 4K/8K remote high-definition consultation and high-speed transmission and sharing of medical image data, and allow experts to conduct consultations anytime, anywhere, improve diagnostic accuracy and guidance efficiency, and promote the sinking of high-quality medical resources.
2. Remote Ultrasound
Compared with CT, MRI and other technologies, the examination method of ultrasound depends to a large extent on the scanning technique of the doctor. A probe is similar to the eyes of a doctor when performing an ultrasound examination. Different doctors adjust the scanning of the probe according to their own technique habits. Orientation, select the scanning section to diagnose the patient, and the final inspection result will have corresponding deviations.
Because grassroots hospitals often lack excellent ultrasound doctors, it is necessary to establish a remote ultrasound system that can achieve high-definition and no delay, give full play to the high-quality diagnostic capabilities of high-quality hospital experts, realize cross-regional and cross-hospital business guidance, quality control, and ensure subordinates. The standardization and rationality of the technique when performing ultrasound work in the hospital.
Remote ultrasound uses a robotic arm controlled by a remote expert to carry out ultrasound examinations on patients in primary hospitals. It can be applied to medical consortium hospitals at lower levels, as well as counterpart assistance in remote areas to improve primary medical service capabilities.
The millisecond-level delay feature of 5G will enable higher-level doctors to control the robotic arm to carry out remote ultrasound examinations in real time.
Compared with traditional private lines and WiFi, 5G networks can solve the problems of difficult and high cost of private line construction in grassroots hospitals and remote areas such as islands, insecure WiFi data transmission in hospitals, and high latency for remote control.
3. Remote surgery
Using medical robots and high-definition audio and video interactive systems, remote experts can perform timely remote surgical treatment of patients in primary medical institutions.
The 5G network can simplify the complex wired and WiFi network environment in the operating room, reducing the difficulty of network access and construction costs.
Using 5G network slicing technology, dedicated communication channels between upper and lower hospitals can be quickly established, effectively ensuring the stability, real-time and security of remote surgery, allowing experts to control the surgical process and patient conditions anytime, anywhere, and realizing cross-regional remote precision surgery control It is of great significance to reduce the cost of medical treatment for patients and help the sinking of high-quality medical resources.
Not only that, in special environments such as war zones and epidemic areas, the use of 5G networks can quickly build the communication environment required for remote surgery and improve the emergency service capabilities of medical staff.
4. Emergency rescue
Emergency medicine is a multi-disciplinary comprehensive science dealing with and researching various acute lesions and acute traumas. It is necessary to take emergency rescue measures for accidental disasters and diseases that threaten human life in a short period of time, and emergency medicine must also Research and design on-site rescue, transportation, communication and other aspects, first aid equipment is an important part of emergency medicine.
At present, the development of emergency medicine in my country is still in its infancy, and the development of rural and urban areas is extremely unbalanced. Many areas need to be improved. The unreasonable structure of emergency medical personnel and insufficient equipment allocation are still serious. In the case of a doctor, the patient’s vital signs and emergency alarm information can be transmitted to the remote expert side through the wireless network, and the expert’s remote guidance can be obtained, which is very important to save the patient’s life, and remote monitoring can also enable the hospital to immediately Master the patient’s condition, formulate emergency plans in advance and prepare resources to achieve seamless connection between pre-hospital first aid and in-hospital treatment.
Real-time transmission of medical equipment monitoring information, vehicle real-time positioning information, and video images inside and outside the vehicle through the 5G network facilitates the implementation of remote consultation and remote guidance. The collection, processing, storage, transmission and sharing of pre-hospital emergency information can fully improve the efficiency of management and treatment. Improve service quality, optimize service process and service model. Based on big data technology, the value of medical information data can be fully exploited and utilized, and the application, evaluation, and decision-making can be carried out to serve emergency management and decision-making.
The 5G edge medical cloud can provide safe and reliable medical data transmission, realize information resource sharing, system interconnection, and provide strong technical support for pre-hospital first aid and smart medical care.
The 5G intelligent emergency information system includes intelligent emergency cloud platform, vehicle-mounted emergency management system, remote emergency consultation guidance system, and emergency assistance system.
Smart first aid cloud platform
It mainly includes first aid intelligent intelligent dispatching system, integrated first aid platform system, and structured pre-hospital first aid electronic medical record system. The main functions implemented are emergency scheduling, background operation and maintenance management, and emergency quality control management.
Vehicle emergency management system
Including vehicle management system, medical equipment information collection and transmission system, AI intelligent image decision-making system, structured pre-hospital emergency electronic medical record system, etc.
Remote emergency consultation guidance system
It includes a guidance system based on high-definition video and AR/MR, and realizes functions such as real-time transmission of high-definition audio and video, hypermedia medical records, emergency maps and large-screen announcements.
Emergency assistance systems include smart medical backpacks, emergency recorders, in-vehicle mobile workstations, and hospital mobile workstations.
5. Remote teaching
Medical education refers to the education and training for medical and health technicians, and the users include medical, nursing and medical technicians.
Medical continuing education is mainly divided into conference lectures, case discussions, technical operation teaching, training seminars, papers and results publications, etc. It can be organized offline or online and remotely.
Distance medical education and training mainly include three product forms: teaching platform based on audio and video conference system, teaching platform based on usage scenarios and teaching platform based on VR/AR equipment.
The teaching platform based on the audio and video conference system is mainly used for teaching training such as case discussion and case sharing. The basic functions are audio and video conference system and PPT sharing;
In addition to audio and video equipment, the teaching platform based on usage scenarios also needs to be connected with corresponding medical equipment in combination with specific scenarios, such as cardiac catheterization lab surgery teaching, neurosurgery teaching, B-ultrasound teaching, etc.;
The AR/VR-based virtual teaching platform uses wearable devices such as AR/VR glasses as a carrier, and combines 3D digital models for teaching and training. Compared with traditional methods, the trainee has a stronger sense of immersion and has more interactive content. lower cost.
5G surgery teaching refers to teaching and training in the form of live broadcast, recording and broadcasting of hospital surgery-related cases, mainly for medical technicians in general surgery, anesthesiology, cardiac surgery, neurosurgery and other surgery-related departments of the hospital, aiming to improve surgical-related departments. Medical staff case experience and practical level.
The core functions of the 5G surgical teaching system include surgical image acquisition, surgical broadcast, surgical guidance, and mobile applications such as mobile phones.
The 5G medical teaching system is suitable for multiple business scenarios in the operating room, such as the real-time observation of surgery in the classroom, the observation and guidance of surgery in the director’s office, the observation of surgery in out-of-hospital medical consortium hospitals, the broadcast of surgery at academic conferences, and the remote guidance of surgery on mobile terminals.
6. Remote monitoring
Remote monitoring is a kind of remote monitoring that uses wireless communication technology to assist medical monitoring, realizes real-time, continuous and long-term monitoring of patients’ vital signs, and transmits the acquired vital signs data and emergency alarm information to medical staff by wireless communication. form.
Relying on 5G’s low latency and precise positioning capabilities, it can support wearable monitoring equipment to continuously report patient location information during use, collect, process and calculate vital sign information, and transmit it to the remote monitoring center. According to the current state of the patient in real time, make timely diagnosis and treatment of the disease.
2. In-hospital application scenarios
1. Smart diagnosis
With the deepening of the reform of the medical system, it has become an urgent need for hospitals to improve the service level by using modern medical informatization methods to optimize the medical treatment process and allow the majority of patients to seek medical treatment in an orderly and easy manner.
By deploying a 5G smart diagnosis guidance robot that combines cloud-network-machine, the hospital provides artificial intelligence guidance services based on natural semantic analysis by using 5G edge computing capabilities, which can improve the hospital’s service efficiency, improve the service environment, and reduce the need for hall guidance. It can reduce the workload of nurses in Taiwan, reduce conflicts and disputes between doctors and patients, and improve the efficiency of consultation.
2. Mobile medical care
Mobile health care extends doctors and nurses to the patient’s bedside.
On the basis of daily ward rounds and nursing care, medical staff can realize mobile collection and high-speed transmission of image data and sign data through 5G network, mobile high-definition consultation, solve the problem of poor WiFi network security, and improve the quality and quality of ward rounds and nursing services. efficiency.
In addition, in special wards such as radiology wards and infectious disease wards, medical staff can also control medical assistant robots to move to designated beds, and complete remote nursing services on the premise of protecting the safety of medical staff.
3. Smart campus management
Real-time monitoring of patient signs, safety management of hospital personnel, and full life cycle management of medical equipment are common demands in the construction of smart hospitals.
Using the characteristics of 5G massive connection, build the hospital medical Internet of things, organically connect the hospital’s massive medical equipment and non-medical assets, and realize hospital asset management, in-hospital emergency dispatch, medical personnel management, equipment status management, access control security, and real-time patient signs. Monitoring, in-hospital navigation and other services to improve hospital management efficiency and patient experience.
4. AI-assisted medical care
With the continuous advancement of computer technology and medical imaging technology, medical imaging has gradually developed from an auxiliary examination method to the most important clinical diagnosis and differential diagnosis method in modern medicine.
Relying on PACS image data, the 5G smart medical solution builds AI-assisted diagnosis and treatment applications through big data + artificial intelligence technology solutions, models and analyzes medical imaging data, analyzes conditions and lesions, provides decision support for doctors, and improves Medical efficiency and quality can well solve many problems in the field of medical imaging in my country, such as:
The supply is seriously unbalanced, and the number of radiologists is insufficient, especially those with rich clinical experience and high quality. Film speed, time-consuming, etc.