The progress of science and technology has promoted the development of all walks of life, especially the application of intelligent technology, so that all walks of life began to develop to the “intelligent era”. For the food industry, intelligent technology has a great impact on the industry. The intelligent production brought by intelligent equipment has become one of the core competitiveness of food production enterprises. With the rise and application of robot technology, food production process is further automated.
At present, with the support of intelligent technology, robot can assist or replace part of human work, and its application scope in the field of human life and production is expanding. According to the robot industry report released by a research institute, in 2019. The scale of China’s robot market is about US $8.68 billion, with an average growth rate of 20.9% from 2014 to 2019. It is not difficult to find that the robot industry is growing very fast.
This is not only because of technological progress and market demand, but also because of the promotion of government policies. The Ministry of industry and information technology of the people’s Republic of China, the development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance jointly issued the “development plan for robot industry (2016-2020)” in 2016, proposing five main tasks for the development of robot industry. Last year, the website of the Ministry of science and technology published the guidelines for the application of key special projects such as the national key R & D plan “intelligent robot” in 2019. Six key special projects such as “intelligent robot” involved a total budget of about 2.26 billion yuan.
In recent years, in the environment of increasing labor costs, using robots to upgrade intelligent production has become one of the trends of food industry. So, what are the significant advantages of robots instead of manual production? The first is to save the cost of human resources and reduce the labor cost; Secondly, mechanized operation can ensure the fluency of production process supervision; In addition, the safety of robot production is also higher, which can replace the manual to carry out some dangerous processes.
At present, the robots that can be applied to food production include processing robot, sorting robot, packaging robot, palletizing robot and so on. As the name suggests, food processing robots are mostly used in food processing, while sorting robots are mostly used in sorting. Packaging robots are responsible for packaging, and palletizing robots are responsible for palletizing. Different technical principles determine different production areas, which bring different production solutions for production enterprises.
Industry insiders said that at present, in sorting, packaging, palletizing and other fields, the maturity of domestic robot technology has been quite high. But in the field of food processing, there are not only a few kinds of robots, but also their technical maturity is not high. As we all know, today’s food industry tends to diversify, and the food production process becomes more complex and refined. Therefore, in the face of such fine production and processing, domestic robot technology still has obvious shortcomings.
To solve this problem, we need to rely on the efforts of equipment manufacturers to develop robots that can handle delicate food, so that robots can cover the field of food processing as soon as possible. Due to the complexity and variability of food processing, when designing robots, manufacturers should not only ensure that they can carry out production, but also consider a variety of environmental factors, such as ensuring that the equipment can work between 0 ° C and 50 ° C. In addition, the robot production of food, to meet the high quality of food production and health standards can not be ignored on one hand.
Industry insiders pointed out that the demand for food in the consumer market is shifting from quantity to quality, and the production requirements of all links of food production enterprises have been improved. The development of intelligent technology makes robots rise in the food industry, but at the same time, the food industry has higher and higher requirements for the production of robots. Robot is not only required to complete the sorting, packaging, palletizing and other relatively mechanized processes, but also to be able to handle delicate and diverse food, making the whole production process more intelligent.