By the end of June, the number of 5g terminals connected to the network in China had reached 66 million, 178 5g mobile phone terminals had obtained the network access license, the cumulative shipment of 5g mobile phones exceeded 77 million, and three basic telecom enterprises had built and opened more than 400000 5g base stations in China. The rapid promotion of 5g network construction can better meet the differentiated living needs of the people and drive the rapid growth of information consumption.
At the 2020 (19th) China Internet Conference held recently, Liu Liehong, Vice Minister of industry and information technology, said that we should speed up the construction of 5g network and deepen the co construction and sharing of telecommunications infrastructure. At the same time, accelerate 5g application deployment and promote “5g +” integrated application innovation.
How many 5g users are there? Wen Ku, director of the information and communication development department and spokesman of the Ministry of industry and information technology, recently revealed that “we reported a more convincing number of 5g users. As of the end of June, there were 66 million 5g terminals connected to the Internet, and this data is still rising month by month with the upgrading of people’s mobile phones”.
The number of users ranks first in the world
Li Zhen, an industrial research analyst at the Innovation Research Institute of Peking University Science Park, said that at present, the number of 5g base stations and users in China are the first in the world. The continuous decline of 5g terminal prices has reduced the cost of users accessing 5g network and promoted the rapid growth of 5g users.
The development of 5g users in China has entered the fast lane. The latest data released by the three major operators show that in June 2020, China Mobile’s 5g package users reached 70.019 million, with a monthly increase of 14.59 million; China Telecom’s 5g package users reached 37.84 million, with a monthly increase of 7.79 million; China Unicom said that it would not publish it temporarily because of different statistical caliber.
However, some consumers also reported that the three operators had nonstandard behavior in order to improve the number of 5g package users. In this regard, Wen Ku said that in order to better promote the development of 5g, in the market competition among operating enterprises, the Ministry of industry and information technology hopes to create a fair and dynamic market competition pattern and never intervene in the specific pricing of enterprises. However, there may be some operators who have forced and other non-standard behaviors in some areas when promoting users to use 5g packages. In order to protect users’ rights and interests, the Ministry of industry and information technology has formulated a series of rules and regulations, stipulating that operators cannot open any packages to users without users’ consent.
“In the next step, local communications administrations will pay close attention to the situation in all provinces and regions, strengthen supervision and inspection, and especially investigate and deal with acts that infringe on users’ legitimate rights and interests, such as upgrading user packages and bundling sales without users’ consent,” Wen Ku said.
Wen Ku also introduced that at present, 178 5g mobile phone terminals have obtained network access licenses, and the cumulative shipment of 5g mobile phones has exceeded 77 million. It is understood that Huawei, vivo, Xiaomi and other enterprises have launched a variety of 5g mobile phones in the current market, with rich purchase options and significantly reduced the threshold. The share of 5g mobile phones in terminal sales continues to increase. It is expected that the shipment of 5g mobile phones will reach 180 million this year.
Wen Ku said
At present, 5g mobile phones have both high-end machines of several thousand yuan and medium and low-end machines of more than 1000 yuan, which can better meet the differentiated living needs of the people and drive the rapid growth of information consumption.
Accelerated extension of network coverage
According to Wen Ku, recently, China has built and opened an average of more than 15000 5g base stations every week. By the end of June, three basic telecom enterprises had built and opened more than 400000 5g base stations in China.
“2020 is the year of acceleration of China’s 5g network construction. Although the 5g network coverage speed has slowed down due to the epidemic, by the end of 2020, the main first tier cities in China will complete the basic 5g network coverage.” Zhang Yang, senior analyst of Zhongcheng think tank, said.
Wen Ku also said that it is necessary to promote basic telecom enterprises to seize the construction period, with the goal of supporting the independent networking mode, and accelerate the construction of a high-quality 5g network with advanced technology and excellent quality covering the whole country. We will continue to support China Telecom and China Unicom to take the lead in building a 200m wide bandwidth and low-cost 5g network through co construction and sharing. We will support further promoting the integration of advantageous resources of basic telecommunications enterprises, accelerate the network construction in major cities, and gradually extend coverage to key counties, towns and even some rural areas where conditions permit.
At the 2020 China Internet Conference, Dong Xin, general manager of China Mobile, introduced that it will strive to overfulfil the annual construction task of 5g base stations and ensure that cities above prefecture level provide 5g services. Previously, China Mobile announced that it would build 300000 5g base stations in 2020. Li Zhengmao, general manager of China Telecom, also introduced that up to now, the total number of 5g base stations in China Telecom’s whole network has exceeded 200000. It is expected that more than 300000 in-service 5g base stations will be provided by the end of the third quarter of 2020.
Last September, China Telecom and China Unicom announced to jointly build a 5g access network and jointly promote the deployment of 5g network. In May this year, China Mobile and China Radio and television announced to jointly invest in the construction of 700MHz, a golden band 5g wireless network at a ratio of 1:1.
The implementation of 5g co construction and sharing mechanism has promoted the rapid popularization of 5g and greatly reduced the cost. According to Zhang Quan, deputy general manager of China Tower, due to higher frequency, denser station site and greater power consumption, the construction and operation cost of 5g will be two to four times that of 4G. Reducing the cost through sharing has increasingly become an industry consensus. At present, 97% of the built 5g base stations are realized through sharing.
It is understood that the goal set by the three major operators at the beginning of this year is to open more than 600000 5g base stations this year. Obviously, the current 5g network construction speed has exceeded expectations.
Wen Ku stressed
It will fully release the policy dividends of local governments at all levels, encourage governments at all levels to make full use of the policy toolbox of 5g power supply, construction, application and capital, and quickly transform 5g development into a key driving force to support high-quality economic development in combination with local industrial advantages and digital transformation needs.
Exploration and deepening of integrated application
Liu Liehong said that we should promote “5g +” integrated application innovation, deeply implement the industrial Internet innovation and development strategy, accelerate the deep integration of cloud computing, big data, artificial intelligence and the real economy, and support the digital transformation of the industry.
“5g applications are not only the consumer Internet, but also the application of the industrialization of the Internet of things, including a large number of industrial applications such as the Internet of vehicles, the Internet of things and industrial manufacturing. These industrial Internet applications will be automatically integrated to form a new ecology,” Zhang Yang said.
At the 2020 China Internet Conference, Tang Daosheng, senior executive vice president of Tencent, believed that the future network presents the characteristics of multi network superposition and dynamic connection. For example, the vehicle road collaboration of intelligent networked vehicles requires the integrated application of 5g and the Internet of things. Vehicles can identify the position and speed of vehicles and pedestrians through on-board sensors, roadside cameras and other Internet of things facilities; Through the millisecond transmission of 5g network, complete the information transmission between vehicles and roads, and improve the operation efficiency and safety of vehicles.
According to Dong Xin, China Mobile will accelerate the construction and promotion of products such as content, rights and interests, 5g news and mobile authentication, promote the layout of smart home products such as intelligent networking and home security, create a new smart city core platform, and promote the implementation of 100 5g demonstration applications in 15 industries. Li Zhengmao said that China Telecom is continuously strengthening and promoting the innovation of 5g independent networking in the field of cloud network integration, and providing end-to-end and customizable information industry applications for industrial Internet, smart city and media live broadcasting. Liang Baojun, deputy general manager of China Unicom, also said that 5g integrated applications need to be further explored and deepened by relevant enterprises. At present, China Unicom has nearly 1000 upstream, midstream and downstream ecological partners.
Dong Xin frankly said that at present, the play of 5g efficiency still faces “three difficulties”, such as the sharp rise of construction and operation costs, the lack of scientific and technological innovation synergy, and the industrial integration system has not been established. Cross border cooperation, breakthrough of innovation paradigm and full release of network innovation efficiency are needed.
“It is necessary to realize the same frequency resonance between 5g and thousands of lines and industries.” Wen Ku revealed that the Ministry of industry and information technology will fully mobilize the enthusiasm of all walks of life to apply 5g and promote two-way opening and cooperation between communication and related industries. It also studies and combs the restrictive factors of 5g application promotion, further clarifies the application needs, defines the technical scheme, explores the business model, and effectively opens up the application channel between 5g and various industries.