The United States has successfully tested the new long-range anti-ship missile or lrasm for the sixth time. On March 19, 2020, Lockheed Martin issued a press release saying that the US Air Force has successfully tested Lockheed’s long-range anti-ship missile in the coastal area of California. “During the test, the B-1B of the 337th test squadron of dyess air force base, Texas launched an lrasm missile at the sea of Cape Mugu, California, successfully hit the sea target and achieved the test target,” the press release said

David helsel, head of Lockheed’s lrasm program, said in a press release: “lrasm has now had six successful flight tests in a row. Lrasm’s reliability and outstanding capabilities will provide our fighters with unparalleled weapons to seek maritime control in a threatening environment. ” In this video, defense updates analyzes why us lrasm threatens Russia and China?

In recent decades, the influence of the U.S. Navy in the region continues to decline, and its landing urgently needs anti-ship firepower. For a long time, U.S. Navy ships have been using increasingly old harpoon missiles against enemy surface fleets. The missile was first deployed in the 1970s with a range of only 70 to 150 miles and is constantly upgraded. This puts the US Navy at a disadvantage to countries such as Russia and China.

Russia has deployed the Brahmos missile. The missile is produced by India’s Defense Industry Development Organization (DRDO) and India’s Brahmas aerospace company, which was established in 1998 by Russia’s npomashinostroyenia. The Brahmos missile is one of the cruise missiles with the fastest flight speed at present, and its flight speed ranges from Mach 2.8 to Mach 3.0. India and Russia recently decided to expand the range of the Brahmas missile from the current 300 km to 800 km. Russia has also successfully tested hypersonic cruise missiles“ The “dagger” missile is one of the weapons disclosed by the Russian president in his state of the Union address. According to reports, the range of the missile is about 1250 miles or 2000 kilometers, and the highest speed is more than 10 times the speed of sound. Russia’s president says troops from the country’s southern military region have been deployed in areas bordering Ukraine and the Black Sea.

China has deployed yj-18 missiles. Yj-18 missile belongs to China’s anti-ship and surface attack cruise missile family. Western analysts believe that the yj-18 is a replica of Russia’s kalibr3m-54e missile, with a range of 180 km or 110 miles at Mach 0.8 and 40 km or 25 miles at Mach 2.5 to 3.0. The df-10 nuclear cruise missile, which has never been reported before, can reach US military bases in Japan and South Korea. Df-10 “long sword” missile can carry nuclear warheads weighing up to 500 kg, with a range of 930 miles, and can be installed on missile trucks, submarines or warships. Some models also have stealth and supersonic capabilities.

Lrasm is a program funded by DARPA and the U.S. Navy. It aims to provide offensive anti-ship weapons for the U.S. Navy and air force to deal with the increasing threat from anti entry / denial areas. The program was launched in 2009 with DARPA funding, and uses the existing technology of the joint air to surface to missile extended range program. Under the Pentagon’s “better purchasing power” 3.0 program, lrasm missiles have been rapidly developed and are expected to be used as substitutes for aging “harpoon” anti-ship missiles. In 2016, the Pentagon began to modify the sm-6 standard missiles commonly used in anti missile and air defense missions to provide immediate stopping capability. In its anti-ship missile version, the sm-6 has a range of more than 200 miles, but its warhead is small relative to the harpoon. Lrasm will combine two advantages: long-range, large warhead missiles with the ability to operate in an EW environment.

According to reports, lrasm has a range of 500 nautical miles, with 1000 pounds of armor piercing and explosive debris warhead. The main design purpose of lrasm is to provide us navy and air force with long-range confrontation capability of precise guidance and strong electronic countermeasure capability. To this end, it uses missile borne sensors and semi autonomous guidance system to reduce the dependence on intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) platform, network link and GPS navigation. It also adopts “innovative terminal survivability method and precise lethality” to improve its combat effectiveness under strong electromagnetic countermeasure conditions. Lrasm solves two problems encountered by the US Navy. It has a longer range, strong survivability, and depends on strong electronic countermeasures and stealth performance. Compared with its counterparts in Russia, India and China, it still lacks speed. Lrasm is subsonic, which means that the close fire time of enemy ship’s weapon system is quite long. It basically changes its range with speed, and will rely on stealth to defeat the medium range defense system.

Although lrasm will eventually be deployed on ships, it will initially be equipped with b1-b bombers from the US Air Force and F / A-18E / F fighters from the US Navy. Lrasm is expected to be operational in 2018. The U.S. Navy will hold the offensive anti ground war incremental anti-ship missile competition, which is a follow-up project of lrasm and will begin service in 2024. The competition will be fully open. Lrasm is expected to compete with Kongsberg / Raytheon joint products for joint strike missiles (JSM) for air strikes and upgraded Raytheon Tomahawk cruise missiles for surface launches. Sweden has publicly expressed interest in lrasm in response to Russia’s concerns about actions in Eastern Europe. Britain and Canada have also expressed interest in the missile.

background information

Lrasm is the abbreviation of “long range anti-ship missile”. It is a new generation of anti-ship cruise missile being developed by the US Navy and DARPA. In 2009, DARPA signed the first phase contract with Lockheed Martin missile and fire control company to develop long range anti-ship missile (lrasm). The long-range anti-ship missile project is jointly funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the U.S. Naval Research Office (NRO). The contractor is the missile and fire control branch of Lockheed Martin company. The project aims to develop and verify an unprecedented long-range anti-ship missile with a range of 180-240 km. The range is 900 kilometers.

The new long-range anti-ship missile lrasm has been tested successfully for six times in a row

Range is not the only advantage of lrasm missiles. Lockheed Martin claims that the missile has a strong stealth capability, which can not only identify the target independently, but also adjust the route and attack targets through the data link. It is a heavy anti-ship missile designed to attack aircraft carriers and large surface ships“ Its reliability and excellent performance will help it seize the sea power in the confrontational environment, which is an incomparable weapon. “. The US military believes that a large number of lrasm can offset the “anti intervention / regional denial” (A2 / AD) missile threat in the Asia Pacific region to a certain extent. According to the US Air Force’s exercise plan, four B-1B formations quickly approach the enemy aircraft carrier battle group at high subsonic speed and launch 96 lrasm missiles at one time. Such a missile raid is “enough to destroy any fleet”. Therefore, not only the U.S. military regards the lrasm missile as a “game changer”, but Japan also proposes to introduce the missile in the new version of the medium term defense readiness plan. In terms of performance indicators, lrasm missile can indeed be called a new generation of “intelligent missile”. Its intelligent ship attack and multi-directional assault capabilities make it more difficult for the defense to fight. However, experts also warned that on the other hand, these excellent characteristics of the missile must rely on the information support of the US military’s complete combat system from space to below the sea.

According to a U.S. Navy spokesman, the incremental upgrade of long-range anti-ship missile (lrasm) will form initial operational capability (IOC) in fiscal 2022. The incremental upgrade is called lrasm1.1, and the incremental phase 2 is planned to be completed between 2028 and 2030. Lrasm1.1 will fill the capacity gap during this period. A Navy spokesman said the upgrade is planned to begin in the fourth batch of lrasm missiles. Lrasm missile, namely the increment 1 model of offensive anti Surface Warfare (oasuw), was developed in 2008. It will form the initial operational capability in the U.S. Air Force B-1B bomber at the end of 2018, and it is planned to form the initial operational capability in the U.S. Navy f / A-18 fighter in September 2019. According to the US Navy’s fiscal year 2020 budget document, in the next few years, it will spend about US $143 million annually to purchase 48 lrasm missiles, and the fourth batch of production phase will start in the third quarter of fiscal year 2020. The US Navy also applied for $65 million for R & D of lrasm missiles in fiscal year 2020, $40 million in fiscal year 2021, and $24 million in fiscal year 2022. There will be no R & D funds after fiscal year 2023. According to the budget document, the lrasm missile capability upgrade plan launched in fy2019 will continue in the financial year 2020-2022, including increasing range, improving communication capability, enhancing survivability and integration test.

Editor in charge: GT


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