Recently, the general office of the CPC Central Committee and the general office of the State Council issued the implementation plan of the national ecological civilization pilot zone (Hainan), and issued a notice requiring relevant regions and departments to earnestly implement it in combination with their actual situation. The plan proposes that in the planning and construction of infrastructure such as road network, optical network, power grid, gas network and water network, the cost should be subject to ecology to form a green infrastructure system. We will vigorously promote the use of shore power by ships in port, avoid the charge of demand (capacity) electricity, and reduce the cost of shore power. The construction of new small hydropower projects shall be completely prohibited, and the ecological transformation or shutdown and withdrawal of existing small hydropower stations shall be carried out in an orderly manner, so as to protect and restore the ecology of river water. Strictly control the exploitation of groundwater and geothermal hot springs. Overall layout and high standard construction of domestic waste incineration power generation projects, and greatly increase the proportion of incineration disposal.
We will accelerate the construction of infrastructure such as charging piles, accelerate the promotion of new energy vehicles and energy-saving and environmental protection vehicles, and gradually ban the sale of fuel vehicles on Hainan Island. We will strengthen the development and utilization of natural gas resources, accelerate the promotion of Dongfang gas field, Lingshui gas field and Wenchang Sanya east natural gas pipeline projects, orderly promote the planning and construction of Qinglan, Yangpu, Wanning and Qionghai gas and power projects as needed, fully implement urban gas projects, and comprehensively promote rural gas consumption on the premise of practical implementation of gas sources. Accelerate the second phase of Changjiang nuclear power, orderly develop new energy such as photovoltaic and wind power, and promote the demonstration of marine power generation. We will give priority to the use of clean and low-carbon energy on the Internet and broaden the channels for the consumption of clean energy. Combined with smart grid upgrading, modern rural power grid construction, micro grid demonstration construction, energy storage and cooling and other new energy storage technologies, the large-scale application of renewable energy will be realized.
Implementation plan of national ecological civilization pilot zone (Hainan)
In order to implement the overall deployment of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on the construction of ecological civilization, give further play to the ecological advantages of Hainan Province, carry out in-depth comprehensive experiments on the reform of ecological civilization system, and build a national experimental area of ecological civilization, according to the guiding opinions of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on supporting the comprehensive deepening of reform and opening up in Hainan and the general office of the Central Committee This implementation plan is formulated in accordance with the opinions on the establishment of a unified and standardized national ecological civilization Experimental Zone issued by the general office of the State Council.
1、 General requirements
（1） Guiding ideology. Guided by Xi Jinping’s socialist ideology with China’s characteristics in the new era, we thoroughly implemented the spirit of the nineteen and third Plenary Session of the nineteen and second plenary session of the party, fully implemented the thought of Xi Jinping’s ecological civilization, and closely integrated the overall layout of the five in one and coordinated the four strategic layout. We adhere to the new development concept according to the decision making and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council. Adhere to reform and innovation, try first, and implement policies step by step and by classification. With the goal of keeping the ecological environment quality and resource utilization efficiency at the world leading level, focus on building an ecological civilization system, optimizing the spatial layout of land and sea, coordinating land and sea protection and development, improving the ecological environment quality and resource utilization efficiency, and realizing the value of ecological products Carry out exploration in the aspects of implementing the investment and consumption mode of ecological priority and promoting the formation of a green production and lifestyle, unswervingly follow the civilized development path of production development, rich life and good ecology, promote the formation of a new pattern of modernization with harmonious coexistence between man and nature, and write a chapter of beautiful Hainan, China.
（2） Strategic positioning
——Ecological civilization system reform model area. Improve the supervision system of ecological environment and resources, strive to improve the ability of ecological environment governance, and build an ecological civilization system focusing on consolidating and improving the quality of ecological environment and adapting to the positioning of free trade pilot zone and free trade port with Chinese characteristics, so as to continuously consolidate and maintain excellent ecological environment quality Efforts should be made to provide institutional guarantee for keeping up with the international benchmark areas of ecological and environmental quality.
——Land and sea conservation and development practice area. Adhere to the overall planning of land and sea space, pay attention to land by sea, coordinate and match the main function positioning, spatial pattern delimitation and use control of land and sea, establish a regional linkage mechanism for ecosystem protection, restoration and pollution prevention and control of land and sea, and promote the integrated protection and development of land and sea. We will deepen the reform of “multi compliance and integration” at the provincial level, build an efficient and unified planning management system, and improve the land and space development and protection system.
——Experimental area of ecological value realization mechanism. Explore the value realization mechanism of ecological products, enhance self hematopoietic function and development ability, realize the coordinated promotion of ecological civilization construction, ecological industrialization, poverty alleviation and rural revitalization, and strive to transform the value of ecological products contained in green water and green mountains into Jinshan and Yinshan.
——Clean energy priority development demonstration area. Build a “clean energy island”, greatly increase the proportion of new energy, implement dual control over the total amount and intensity of energy consumption, improve energy utilization efficiency, optimize and adjust the energy structure, and build a safe, green, intensive and efficient clean energy supply system. We will implement carbon emission control and actively respond to climate change.
（3） Main objectives. Through the construction of the pilot area, we can ensure that the ecological environment quality of Hainan Province can only be better and can not become worse, and the people’s sense of access to a good ecological environment is further enhanced. By 2020, significant progress will be made in the construction of the pilot zone, the land and space protection and development system based on sea and land and sea will be basically established, and the land and space development pattern will be further optimized; Highlight that the ecological and environmental problems have been basically solved, a long-term guarantee mechanism for ecological and environmental governance has been preliminarily established, and the ecological and environmental quality has continued to maintain the national first-class level; Remarkable progress has been made in the construction of ecological civilization system, and it is at the forefront of the country in promoting the modernization of governance system and governance capacity in the field of ecological civilization; The ecological economic model of supply of high-quality ecological products, realization of ecological value and sharing of green development achievements has begun to take shape, and the quality and efficiency of economic development have been significantly improved; The civilized consumption mode and lifestyle of green, environmental protection and economy have been widely implemented. The proportion of days with excellent urban air quality shall be maintained above 98%, and the average annual concentration of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) shall not be higher than 18 μ g / m3, and strive to further reduce it; Basically eliminate inferior class V water bodies, and the excellent rate of water quality in major rivers, lakes and reservoirs is more than 95%, and the excellent rate of water ecological environment quality in coastal waters is more than 98%; The quality of soil ecological environment remained stable on the whole; The water and soil loss rate shall be controlled within 5%, the forest coverage rate shall be stable above 62%, 9.09 million mu of permanent basic farmland shall be maintained, the wetland area shall not be less than 4.8 million mu, and the retention rate of natural coastline on Hainan Island shall not be less than 60%; The energy consumption per unit of GDP decreased by 10% compared with 2015, the carbon dioxide emission per unit of regional GDP decreased by 12% compared with 2015, and the installed proportion of clean energy increased to more than 50%.
By 2025, the system of ecological civilization will be further improved, and the modernization level of governance system and capacity in the field of ecological civilization will be significantly improved; The quality of ecological environment continues to maintain the national leading level.
By 2035, the ecological environment quality and resource utilization efficiency will be at the leading level in the world, and Hainan will become a beautiful business card to show the construction of a beautiful China.
2、 Key tasks
（1） Constructing the system of land and space development and protection
1. Deepen the reform of “multi compliance and integration”. We will thoroughly implement the strategy of main functional areas, improve the supporting systems and policies of main functional areas, improve the master plan of Hainan Province (space 2015-2030) and the master plans of cities and counties in accordance with the construction requirements of land and space planning system, establish and improve the hard constraint mechanism for planning adjustment, and adhere to one blueprint to the end. Delimit marine living resources protection lines and reclamation control lines, and strictly control the use of natural ecological space. By 2020, the land ecological protection red line area will account for no less than 27.3% of the total land area of Hainan Island, and the nearshore sea ecological protection red line area will account for no less than 35.1% of the total nearshore sea area of Hainan Island. Scientifically plan the site selection of airports, railways, highways and industrial enterprises, timely delimit and adjust the acoustic environment functional areas, and prevent and control noise pollution from the planning level. Establish a regular and real-time planning supervision mechanism, use the basic information platform of land and space planning to monitor, warn, supervise and assess the planning implementation, and carry out planning implementation evaluation in a timely manner. Establish a dynamic planning adjustment mechanism to meet the new needs of economic and social development.
2. Promote the construction of green urbanization. Promote urbanization according to local conditions, and create a number of green boutique towns with Hainan characteristics and tropical Customs on the premise of protecting the original ecology. We will strengthen urban features and urban design, reasonably control the volume, height and scale of buildings, and protect the natural landscape and historical and cultural features. In the planning and construction of infrastructure such as road network, optical network, power grid, gas network and water network, adhere to the principle that the cost is subject to ecology and form a green infrastructure system. Implement the construction requirements of sponge City, comprehensively carry out the “ecological restoration and urban repair” project, implement the urban renewal plan, and properly solve the problems of urban flood control, drainage and waterlogging prevention, rainwater collection and utilization, water supply safety, sewage treatment, river and lake treatment, etc. In key urban areas of Haikou and Sanya, we will vigorously promote the construction of sponge cities, waste classification and treatment, the development and utilization of underground space and the application of new energy-saving, environmental protection and low-carbon technologies.
3. Vigorously promote the construction of beautiful villages. We will implement the strategy of Rural Revitalization and take “100 towns and thousands of villages in beautiful Hainan” as the starting point to solidly and effectively promote the construction of beautiful villages suitable for living, work and tourism. Establish and improve the preparation mechanism of village and town planning, carry out the work of guiding and supporting the design to the countryside, strengthen the control of village land and space, and protect the characteristic style and historical context of the village according to the requirements of “one village, one product, one scene and one rhyme”. Strengthen village planning and management to integrate buildings, roads and natural landscape. We will vigorously carry out the comprehensive improvement of rural human settlements and make up for the shortcomings in rural environmental protection infrastructure and the management and protection of rural river, lake and water systems. By 2020, remarkable achievements will be made in the construction of “100 towns and 1000 villages in beautiful Hainan”.
4. Establish a nature reserve system with national parks as the main body. Formulate and implement the pilot scheme of Hainan tropical rain forest national park system, and establish a unified management organization of Hainan Tropical Rain Forest National Park. Integration and reorganization of marine nature reserves. According to the integrity, systematicness and internal laws of natural ecosystem, we will implement overall protection, system restoration and comprehensive treatment, straighten out the management system of various nature reserves, and build a nature reserve system with national parks as the main body, clear ownership, clear rights and responsibilities and effective supervision. Strengthen the supervision and management of nature reserves, complete the revision of the development plan of Hainan nature reserves by the end of 2019, and expand, improve and build a number of national and provincial nature reserves. By the end of 2020, we will complete the demarcation and marking of nature reserves and the pilot of unified right confirmation and registration of natural resources. Gradually establish an intelligent monitoring and early warning system for nature reserves with the integration of space, heaven and earth.
（2） We will promote the formation of a new pattern of coordinated land and sea protection and development
1. Strengthen the protection of marine environment and resources. Strengthen coastal zone protection in strict accordance with the requirements of main function positioning, prepare and complete the comprehensive coastal zone protection and utilization plan of Hainan Province by the end of 2019, implement the classified and segmented fine control of coastal zone, and promote the formation of a reasonable layout of coastal zone ecology, production and living space. Implement the strictest reclamation control and shoreline development control system, and stop the approval of new reclamation projects except for major national strategic projects. We will accelerate the handling of problems left over by the history of reclamation. By 2020, the length of the existing sandy coastline of the islands in the province will remain unchanged. Strictly control the development and utilization of the natural coastline of uninhabited islands. The balance sheet of marine natural resources of Hainan Province shall be prepared by the end of 2020. We will strengthen the protection of marine ecosystems and marine biodiversity, carry out marine biodiversity investigation and observation, restore and repair typical ecosystems such as mangroves, seagrass beds and coral reefs, strengthen the protection of important marine biological resources and their habitats, and strengthen the construction and standardized management of various marine types of protected areas. In Sansha City, we carried out a special action to comprehensively improve the ecological environment of islands and reefs, and implemented the ecological protection and restoration project of islands and reefs.
2. Establish a land and sea integrated ecological environment governance mechanism. Combined with the second national survey of pollution sources, comprehensively check all sewage outlets entering the sea (River), implement inventory management, and strengthen the monitoring of pollutants and key sewage outlets of major rivers entering the sea. Improve the total amount control and traceability system of land-based pollutants discharged into the sea, carry out the pilot of total amount control of pollutants entering the sea in Haikou City, and formulate the implementation plan of total amount control of pollutants entering the sea in key sea areas of Hainan Province in 2019. Establish a monitoring and early warning mechanism for the carrying capacity of marine resources and environment, build an emergency system for marine ecological disasters and sudden ecological and environmental events, and establish a Gulf protection responsibility system. The implementation plan for the comprehensive renovation of the blue bay in Hainan Province was issued, and a joint supervision system for the reception, transfer and disposal of ship pollutants was fully established and implemented in all major ports in the province. The local government of the port planned and constructed the facilities for the reception, transfer and disposal of ship pollutants, and focused on strengthening the capacity-building for the transfer and disposal of ship oil sewage and chemical tank washing water, Ensure the effective connection between port and ship pollutant receiving facilities and urban transfer and disposal facilities, and strengthen the prevention and control of marine pollution sources such as ships, ports and mariculture. We will accelerate the establishment of a “marine sanitation” system and effectively control coastal and offshore marine garbage.
3. Pilot marine ecosystem carbon sinks. Investigate and study the distribution of blue carbon ecosystem and the path and potential of increasing carbon sinks in Hainan Province, and carry out different types of carbon sinks in some regions. Protect and repair the existing blue carbon ecosystem. Combined with the construction of marine ecological pasture, pilot study the carbon sequestration mechanism and sink increase mode of ecological fishery. Carry out research on blue carbon standard system and trading mechanism, and explore the establishment of international carbon emission trading venues in accordance with the law.
（3） Establish and improve the consolidation and improvement mechanism of ecological environment quality
1. Continuously maintain excellent air quality. Scientifically and reasonably control the number of motor vehicles in the province, carry out special rectification of diesel vehicle pollution, and accelerate the elimination of diesel trucks with national III and below emission standards and old gas vehicles with lean combustion technology or “oil to gas”. Implement the fourth stage emission standard for non road mobile machinery, and delimit and publish the areas where the use of high emission non road mobile machinery is prohibited. The newly added and replaced operation machinery and vehicles in the port mainly use new energy or clean energy. Encourage the elimination of old transport ships with high emissions and strengthen the environmental protection supervision of fishery ships. When ships enter the coastal Control Zone Hainan waters, relevant ship emission control requirements shall be strictly implemented. We will vigorously promote the use of shore power by ships in port, avoid the charge of demand (capacity) electricity, and reduce the cost of shore power. Encourage the development of liquefied natural gas (LNG) powered ships. Clean energy shall be given priority in the addition and replacement of tugs in coastal ports. Establish and improve the fine management mechanism for the prevention and control of urban (town) dust pollution. Strengthen the prevention and control of non-point source pollution such as catering oil fume, fireworks and firecrackers, and comprehensively prohibit the open burning of straw and the local smoking and baking of betel nut. We will implement joint prevention and control of air pollution across provinces and build a consultation mechanism for environmental management of major regional construction projects. According to the world’s leading level, study and formulate a phased and gradual improvement plan for ambient air quality.
2. Improve the water resources and ecological environment protection system. Adhere to both pollution control and ecological capacity expansion. We will comprehensively implement the river head system and the lake head system, introduce the regulations on the river head system and the lake head system in Hainan Province, improve the supporting mechanism, strengthen special rectification such as reclamation of rivers and lakes, illegal sand mining, stacking of river garbage and solid waste, misappropriation and abuse of coastlines, and strictly enforce the law on rivers and lakes. Strengthen the protection of Nandu River, Songtao Reservoir and other rivers, lakes and reservoirs with excellent water quality, and strictly standardize the management of drinking water sources. Establish an information disclosure system for key water treatment and an interview system for local government leaders whose water quality does not meet the standard or has seriously decreased. We will strengthen shoreline protection and ecological restoration of rivers and lakes, scientifically plan and strictly control beach and offshore aquaculture, implement ship reduction and offshore fishing quota management, and promote the transfer of fishery production from nearshore to open sea and from extensive to ecological. In accordance with the principles of real need, ecological security and sustainability, improve the island water conservancy facilities network to provide water supply security for Hainan’s high-quality development. Seawater desalination projects will be built in key islands and reefs and coastal cities and towns lacking water. The construction of new small hydropower projects shall be completely prohibited, and the ecological transformation or shutdown and withdrawal of existing small hydropower stations shall be carried out in an orderly manner, so as to protect and restore the ecology of river water. Strictly control the exploitation of groundwater and geothermal hot springs.
3. Improve the soil ecological environment protection system. Implement the classified management of agricultural land, establish the classification list of cultivated land soil ecological environment quality in Hainan Province, strengthen the use control, and strictly prevent and control the risk of exceeding the standard of agricultural products. Establish a list of soil pollution risk control and remediation of construction land, improve the information communication mechanism of contaminated plots among departments, realize linkage supervision, strictly access land, and incorporate the soil ecological environment management requirements of construction land into land spatial planning and land supply management. We will fully implement the division and management of large-scale farms, close large-scale farms in prohibited breeding areas according to law, do a good job in relocation or conversion, and encourage the centralized resource utilization of breeding wastes. We will promote green prevention and control of diseases and pests instead of chemical prevention and control, and implement the action of reducing the application of chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
4. Implement the protection and restoration of important ecosystems. We will implement major ecosystem protection and restoration projects such as natural forest protection, comprehensive management and ecological restoration of the three major basins of Nandu River, Changhua River and Wanquan River, comprehensive prevention and control of soil and water loss, and construction of coastal shelter forest system. Fully implement the forest head system, and implement the main body, responsibility, content and funding guarantee of forest resources protection and management. According to the importance of ecological location and the types of commercial forests, we will strictly protect natural forests and ecological public welfare forests, ban and protect primitive forest communities, encourage the pilot redemption of commercial forests in key ecological locations, explore ways to standardize the transfer of collective land and economic forests through leasing, replacement and easement contracts, and gradually restore and expand natural ecological spaces such as tropical rain forests. Implement the national reserve forest quality precision improvement project, and build Hainan Huanghua pear, native aloes, Polei and other local rare tree species timber reserve bases. Implement the total amount control of wetland resources and establish an important wetland monitoring, evaluation and early warning mechanism. Strictly implement the regulations of Hainan Province on wetland protection and carry out important wetland ecosystem protection and restoration projects. Support the construction of Haikou International Wetland city. We will implement the strategic action plan for biodiversity protection, build ecological corridors and biodiversity protection networks, strengthen the rescue and protection of small populations of wild plants, rare and endangered wild animals and original vivid plant germplasm resources, strengthen the prevention and control of exotic forestry pests, and improve the quality and stability of the ecosystem.
5. Strengthen the construction of environmental infrastructure. We will accelerate the construction of supporting pipe networks for urban sewage treatment facilities, comprehensively promote the construction and connection of trunk pipe networks, branch pipe networks and household pipes, control the backflow of rivers, lakes and seawater and the wrong connection and mixing of pipe networks, implement the diversion transformation of rainwater and sewage pipe networks in old urban areas according to local conditions, and strive to solve the problems of low influent concentration and low system efficiency of sewage treatment plants. By 2020, the sewage treatment rate of cities and towns above the county level in the province will reach more than 85%, and the sludge will be basically harmless. The collection standard of sewage treatment fee shall be reasonably adjusted according to the principle of compensating the operation cost of sewage treatment and sludge disposal facilities and making reasonable profits. A sewage treatment charging system shall be fully established for the built towns that have built sewage treatment plants. Accelerate the construction of rural domestic sewage treatment facilities, and significantly increase the coverage of treatment facilities in administrative villages (including agricultural and Forestry Farm teams) by 2020. By 2020, the domestic waste transfer system in the whole province will be basically covered, and the harmless treatment rate of domestic waste will reach more than 95%. The domestic waste incineration power generation project will be constructed with overall layout and high standards, and the proportion of incineration disposal will be greatly increased. Focus on improving the disposal and utilization capacity of hazardous waste, and accelerate the expansion of medical waste disposal facilities.
（4） Establish and improve the modern supervision system for ecological environment and resource protection
1. Establish a legal guarantee mechanism for ecological civilization with local characteristics. Aiming at the improvement of ecological environment quality, promote the introduction of local laws and regulations or normative documents in the fields of clean energy promotion, comprehensive prohibition of the use of disposable non degradable plastic products, compulsory classified disposal of garbage, pollutant discharge permit, ecological protection compensation and marine ecological environment protection, and accelerate the construction of an ecological civilization laws and regulations system suitable for its own development orientation. Highlight the goal orientation, study and build a comprehensive, scientific and strict local green standard system, prepare a detailed list of green standards and a list of key standards, introduce and implement local standards such as ecological environment quality, pollutant emission and industrial energy consumption, and force the green transformation of living mode with strict standards. We will strictly enforce administrative law and severely punish all kinds of ecological and environmental violations in accordance with the law. We will strengthen the judicial protection of the ecological environment, deepen the reform of environmental resources trials, and promote the specialization of environmental resources trials. Improve the judicial functions and institutional allocation of environmental resources of judicial organs, explore the cross administrative division centralized jurisdiction mechanism based on ecological functional areas such as river basins and nature reserves, and promote the “three in one” centralized trial mode of criminal, administrative and civil cases of environmental resources. Improve the connection mechanism between ecological environment administrative law enforcement and criminal justice. We will pay equal attention to development and protection, combat crime and restore ecology, and comprehensively implement the ecological restorative justice mechanism. Give full play to the role of judicial means in the protection and restoration of coral reefs and the compensation and control of marine oil spill pollution. We will improve the public interest litigation system for environmental and resource protection and explore the trial rules of litigation for compensation for ecological environmental damage. We will promote the construction of a scientific, fair and neutral environmental resources appraisal and evaluation system, strengthen the management of judicial appraisal institutions and appraisers of ecological environment damage, and give full play to the role of technical experts according to law. Establish and improve unified and standardized systems for the management, use, audit supervision and accountability of special funds for environmental and resource protection public interest litigation and ecological environment damage compensation litigation, and promote the construction of ecological environment restoration mechanism.
2. Reform and improve the supervision system of ecological environment and resources. Scientifically allocate institutional responsibilities and institutional staffing resources, and accelerate the establishment of state-owned natural resource asset management and natural ecological supervision institutions at all levels in Hainan Province. Implement the vertical management of monitoring, supervision and law enforcement by ecological environment institutions below the provincial level. Integrate the responsibilities and teams of administrative law enforcement of ecological and environmental protection, establish a comprehensive administrative law enforcement team of ecological and environmental protection, and uniformly implement the administrative law enforcement of ecological and environmental protection. Improve the ecological environment management mechanism of river basins and sea areas. Establish and improve the grass-roots ecological and environmental protection management system, and clarify the institutions and specialized personnel responsible for ecological and environmental protection in villages and towns (streets); Implement the responsibility of ecological environment protection in administrative villages and solve the problem of “the last kilometer” of rural ecological environment protection supervision.
3. Reform and improve the ecological environment supervision mode. Strictly abide by the red line of ecological protection, the bottom line of ecological environment quality and the online utilization of resources, and establish an ecological environment access list. In order to improve the quality of ecological environment and management efficiency, establish and improve the basic environmental management system focusing on the pollutant discharge permit system and the organic connection of various systems. We will deepen the reform of the pollutant discharge permit system, issue local regulations on the management of pollutant discharge permits, and implement the “one certificate” whole process management of pollutant discharge units from environmental access, pollutant discharge control to law enforcement and supervision. We will improve the systems of environmental credit evaluation, mandatory information disclosure and severe punishment. Establish a “blacklist” system for environmental pollution, so that environmental dishonest enterprises are limited everywhere. Gradually build and improve the correlation mechanism between environmental protection credit rating, market access and financial services, implement cross departmental joint rewards and punishments, and strengthen the economic constraints of environmental protection credit. The environmental protection credit evaluation measures of Hainan Province (for Trial Implementation) will be issued in 2019. Establish a mandatory environmental information disclosure mechanism for key pollution source list units in the province, issue relevant implementation measures, and build a unified information disclosure platform.
4. Establish and improve the ecological security control mechanism. Implement the strictest entry and exit environmental safety access management mechanism and prohibit the import of “foreign garbage”. Strengthen the environmental risk control and gene safety management of alien species in the South breeding base, and establish the monitoring, evaluation and early warning system of ecological safety and gene safety. Study and establish a systematic, complete and standardized comprehensive evaluation index system of resource and environmental carrying capacity, regularly prepare monitoring and early warning reports of carrying capacity in key areas, and improve supporting systems such as publicity, early warning and reminder, restrictive measures, assessment and supervision. Focusing on the construction of service energy reserve base and the development of marine oil and gas resources, improve the construction of regional environmental security early warning network and emergency rescue capacity for environmental emergencies, and improve the level of risk prevention and control, emergency disposal and regional cooperation.
5. Build and improve the evaluation and assessment system of ecological civilization guided by green development. We will comprehensively establish and improve the assessment and evaluation system for economic and social development guided by protection priority and green development, and strengthen the constraints on indicators such as resource consumption, environmental damage and ecological benefits. We will improve the performance appraisal methods and implement a differentiated appraisal system according to the main function orientation. The detailed rules for the implementation of the evaluation and assessment of the objectives of ecological civilization construction in Hainan Province (for Trial Implementation), the green development index system and the evaluation objective system of ecological civilization construction were issued. The responsibility for ecological and environmental protection of Party committees and governments at all levels in Hainan Province shall be compacted, and “the party and government shall have the same responsibility and one post with double responsibilities” shall be implemented. Carry out trial preparation of natural resource balance sheets at the provincial level and pilot cities and counties, and formally prepare the natural resource balance sheets of the whole province, cities and counties in 2020. The outgoing audit of natural resources assets shall be carried out for leading cadres, and a regular audit system shall be established. The implementation opinions on the departure audit of natural resources assets of leading cadres were issued, the rotation audit system was established according to the requirements of full coverage, and the open sharing mechanism of natural resources and ecological environment information for audit institutions was explored. We will closely link the accountability for ecological and environmental damage with political inspection and ecological and environmental protection inspectors, so as to give play to the superposition effect of systems.
（5） Innovating and exploring the value realization mechanism of ecological products
1. Explore and establish the property right system and paid use system of natural resource assets. Combined with the third national land survey, find out the distribution, land use status and ownership of various natural resources. Haikou City, Sanya City, Wenchang City, Baoting county and Changjiang County were selected as provincial pilot to carry out unified right confirmation registration of all factor natural resource assets such as water flow, forest, mountains, wasteland, beaches and mineral resources with proved reserves, and issue a pilot work plan. We will pilot the principal-agent mechanism for the ownership of state-owned natural resources assets. We will promote the conversion of collective land, forest land and other natural resource assets into equity of enterprises and cooperatives, turn resources into assets and farmers into shareholders, so that farmers can share the benefits of property rights for a long time. Explore the establishment of water rights system and carry out water rights pilot in Chitian reservoir basin. We will improve the evaluation methods and management system of natural resource assets owned by the whole people, and bring the cost of ecological environment into the price formation mechanism. By the end of 2019, the implementation plan of the paid use system of all natural resource assets in Hainan Province will be issued, the paid use system of state-owned forest resources will be studied in typical areas, the paid use practice of sea areas and uninhabited islands will be carried out, and the pilot of market-oriented transfer of the use right of uninhabited islands will be carried out.
2. Promote the improvement of quality and efficiency of ecological agriculture. We will comprehensively build an ecological circular agriculture demonstration Province, accelerate the establishment of a leading agricultural green development area, and promote the development model of reducing inputs, cleaner production, product branding, waste recycling and ecological industrial model. Focusing on the implementation of the Rural Revitalization Strategy, strengthen and optimize tropical characteristic and efficient agriculture, build a national tropical modern agricultural base, cultivate and promote green, high-quality, safe and distinctive Hainan agricultural product brands, protect geographical indication agricultural products, strengthen the construction of quality and safety traceability system of agricultural inputs and agricultural products, and form “one product in one village, one industry in one township”. Implement the action to improve the processing industry of agricultural products, support the local processing, transformation and value-added of betel nut, coffee, southern medicine and tea, and improve the modern warehousing, logistics and e-commerce service system. We will strengthen the construction of the national south breeding base (Hainan) and build a National Tropical Agricultural Science Center. Support Hainan in building a modern marine ranch. Explore pilot projects such as price insurance and income insurance, including “insurance + futures”, so as to ensure farmers’ income and stabilize agricultural production. Establish a green ecological oriented agricultural subsidy system, and integrate relevant agricultural support funds as required to encourage and guide scientific fertilization and medication, green prevention and control, ecological breeding, etc.
3. Promote the transformation, upgrading and integrated development of ecotourism. Accelerate the construction of a global tourism demonstration Province, give full play to the unique advantages of tropical island tourism resources in Hainan, promote the development and construction of ecological scenic spots and new products of ecological tourism, and build an eco-tourism industry system based on sightseeing tourism, focusing on leisure and vacation, and featuring sports tourism and health tourism. The development of ecotourism and the protection of ecological resources shall be coordinated. The resources of scenic spots in key scenic spots and the tourism resources of tropical rain forests, coastal zones and islands shall be uniformly planned and guided by the provincial level, and low-level and low-quality development and construction shall be prohibited. Explore the establishment of an ecotourism development mechanism with clear ownership of resources, integrated development of industries and rational sharing of interests, encourage the transformation and utilization of rural homesteads and idle houses, develop new accommodation formats such as vacation home stay, and build a number of leisure and light parks, forest families, fishing villages, fishermen and health bases with complete facilities and diverse functions, Create a number of featured eco-tourism demonstration villages and towns and boutique tourism routes of Li Miao cultural villages.
4. Carry out ecological construction and poverty alleviation. Carry out planned, focused and step-by-step ecological relocation of residents in areas with high risk of natural disasters, and carry out ecological restoration and restoration of the relocated areas; Centralized resettlement sites shall be planned and constructed according to the principle of proximity, suitability for employment and convenience of life, so as to ensure that the basic public service guarantee level, income level and living standard of relocated residents are significantly improved. Establish and improve the follow-up guarantee mechanism for ecological relocation by using the policy of linking the increase and decrease of urban and rural construction land. We will explore and carry out forest management in national and provincial nature reserves in accordance with the law, stabilize the collective forest land contract right, revitalize the management right, protect the income right, expand the management power, promote forest right mortgage loan, effectively revitalize forest land resources and benefit the majority of forest farmers and forest area employees. Select and employ the poverty-stricken people who have filed and established cards as ecological forest rangers, and broaden the channels for employment and income increase of the poverty-stricken people.
5. Establish a diversified and performance-oriented ecological protection compensation mechanism. The central financial funds will increase support for key ecological functional areas in Hainan. Accelerate the improvement of the ecological protection compensation mechanism linked to the effectiveness of ecological protection and the allocation of financial transfer payment funds, and implement corresponding reward and punishment measures according to the results of performance appraisal. We will improve the compensation mechanism for ecological public welfare forests and implement the linkage between provincial public welfare forests and national public welfare forest compensation standards. Pilot projects will be carried out in Chitian reservoir basin and Nandu River, Dabian River, Changhua River and Lingshui river basins to implement a compensation mechanism based on the dynamic assessment of water quality and quantity and the combination of horizontal compensation between cities and counties and provincial capital reward and compensation. The pilot implementation plan for horizontal ecological protection compensation in the upstream and downstream of the river basin in Hainan Province was issued. We will improve the top-level design of the ecological protection compensation mechanism, issue the ecological protection compensation regulations of Hainan Province by the end of 2020, and clarify the fields, regions, compensation standards, compensation channels, compensation methods, supervision and assessment of ecological protection compensation.
6. Establish a green financial support and guarantee mechanism. Support Hainan to carry out green financial reform and innovation pilot. Develop green credit, establish a credit management, supervision and assessment system in line with the characteristics of green industries and projects, and support banking financial institutions to increase credit support for green enterprises and projects. Encourage collective forest right mortgage, pledge financing of environmental protection technology and intellectual property rights, and explore innovative financing businesses of pledge financing of emission rights and charging rights of energy-saving, environmental protection, cleaner production and clean energy enterprises. Promote green asset securitization. Encourage social capital to set up various green development industry funds to participate in energy conservation, emission reduction and carbon reduction, pollution control, ecological restoration and other green projects. We will develop green insurance and explore the legal implementation of the compulsory liability insurance system for environmental pollution in industries with high environmental risks and high pollution and key prevention and control areas. Establish and improve the trading system of environmental rights and interests such as emission rights and carbon emission rights.
（6） Promote the formation of green production and lifestyle
1. Build a clean energy island. Accelerate the construction of a safe, green, intensive and efficient clean energy supply system. Vigorously promote the “coal cutting and oil reduction”, gradually accelerate the clean energy substitution of coal-fired units, eliminate the self-contained coal-fired units of enterprises that fail to meet the ultra-low emission requirements by 2020, and completely eliminate the small coal-fired boilers with 35 steam tons / hour and below within the built-up areas of cities and counties. Prepare and issue the development plan of clean energy vehicles in Hainan Province, accelerate the construction of infrastructure such as charging piles, accelerate the promotion of new energy vehicles and energy-saving and environmental protection vehicles, and gradually prohibit the sales of fuel vehicles in Hainan Island. We will strengthen the development and utilization of natural gas resources, accelerate the promotion of Dongfang gas field, Lingshui gas field and Wenchang Sanya east natural gas pipeline projects, orderly promote the planning and construction of Qinglan, Yangpu, Wanning and Qionghai gas and power projects as needed, fully implement urban gas projects, and comprehensively promote rural gas consumption on the premise of practical implementation of gas sources. Accelerate the second phase of Changjiang nuclear power, orderly develop new energy such as photovoltaic and wind power, and promote the demonstration of marine power generation. We will give priority to the use of clean and low-carbon energy on the Internet and broaden the channels for the consumption of clean energy. Combined with smart grid upgrading, modern rural power grid construction, micro grid demonstration construction, energy storage and cooling and other new energy storage technologies, the large-scale application of renewable energy will be realized.
2. Comprehensively promote resource conservation and utilization. We will implement the dual control action of total energy consumption and intensity, formulate a road map for peak carbon emissions, and improve the requirements of energy-saving standards in various fields and industries. Vigorously promote central heating in the park, centralized cooling in specific areas, ultra-low energy consumption buildings, high-efficiency and energy-saving household appliances, promote contract energy management, and improve the market-oriented energy-saving mechanism. By 2020, the total energy consumption of the whole province will be controlled within 25.98 million tons of standard coal. We will implement the strictest land conservation system and implement the double control action of total amount and intensity of construction land, so as to ensure that the total amount of construction land in the province will not increase on the existing basis, and the use area of urban industrial and mining land per capita and construction land per unit of regional GDP will decline steadily. We will implement a new model of urban land development and consolidation, promote urban renewal and transformation, and make overall integration and unified development of inefficient and scattered land. We will continue to deepen the clean-up and disposal of idle construction land in the province and promote the redevelopment and utilization of inefficient land. The indicators of construction land are mainly used for infrastructure and major industrial projects. According to different industrial categories and regions, take the unit land investment intensity and output value as the control indicators for the transfer of construction land for business, implement the land access agreement system for industrial projects, establish the performance evaluation and land exit mechanism, and improve the land use efficiency. We will fully implement water-saving actions, implement the strictest water resources management system, and implement double control actions on the total amount and intensity of water use. We will accelerate the construction of a water-saving society, water-saving cities and various water-saving carriers, deeply promote the comprehensive reform of agricultural water prices, and fully implement the progressive price increase system for Urban Non Resident water exceeding the quota by the end of 2020. Promote the development of prefabricated buildings in a planned, phased and regional manner, and increase the proportion of new green buildings.
3. Accelerate the green development of industry. Support Hainan to formulate and implement the negative list of industrial structure adjustment and the elimination policy of backward production capacity, carry out the comprehensive treatment of “scattered pollution” enterprises, comprehensively prohibit the development of high energy consumption, high pollution and high emission industries and low-end manufacturing industries, and promote the transformation of existing manufacturing industries to intelligent, green and service-oriented industries. We will foster and expand energy conservation and environmental protection industries, cleaner production industries and clean energy industries. Relying on the construction of industrial parks and key projects, we will widely promote third-party treatment of environmental pollution and contracted environmental services. Promote the R & D and industrialization of core environmental protection technologies and processes, complete sets of products, materials and reagents such as low-carbon cycle, pollution control and emission reduction, monitoring and monitoring. Formulate and implement the “plastic restriction order”, and comprehensively prohibit the production, sales and use of disposable non degradable plastic bags and plastic tableware in the whole province by the end of 2020. Promote the use of express green packaging products, and basically realize the full coverage of green packaging applications in the same city express business in the province by 2020. We will implement the extended producer responsibility system and explore ways such as deposit system to recover disposable plastic standard packaging, lead-acid batteries, lithium batteries and pesticide packaging throughout the island. Encourage manufacturers to speed up the establishment of power battery recycling system.
4. Promote green lifestyle. Accelerate the implementation of the compulsory classification system of domestic waste, and select cities with conditions such as Haikou City for implementation first. The regulations on the classified management of domestic waste in Hainan Province and the standard system for classified collection and treatment of waste in Hainan Province were issued. Explore a new model of shared economic development in the fields of education and vocational training. Promote green travel, give priority to the development of public transport, improve the motorized travel sharing rate of public transport, and promote the standardized and healthy development of minibus leasing and bicycle Internet leasing. Integrate ecological civilization education into national education, rural night schools, cadre training and enterprise training system, and integrate community norms, village rules and regulations and scenic spot codes. Put ecological civilization education in the prominent position of quality education in primary and secondary schools, improve the curriculum system and enrich educational practice. Tap Hainan’s local ecological and cultural resources, create a number of ecological literary and artistic works, and create a number of ecological civilization education bases. Actively create energy-saving organs, green families, green schools, green communities, green travel, green shopping malls, green buildings, etc. In 2019, the government procurement system for green products will be fully implemented, giving priority to or mandatory procurement of green products. Support and guide social organizations and volunteers to play an active role in ecological environment supervision, environmental protection policy formulation and supervising enterprises to fulfill their environmental protection responsibilities, improve public participation mechanisms such as reporting, hearing and public opinion supervision, and build a social action system with the participation of the whole people.
3、 Safeguard measures
（1） Strengthen organizational leadership. Party committees and governments at all levels in Hainan Province should fully implement the decisions and arrangements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, give prominence to the construction of ecological civilization in the overall work, and resolutely implement the responsibility of ecological civilization construction and ecological environmental protection. In accordance with the requirements of the plan and based on reality, study and refine the work objectives and key tasks by stages, years and regions, formulate specific measures, clarify the timetable and road map, promote the implementation and effectiveness of various policies and measures, and effectively solve the outstanding problems concerned by the masses. The relevant departments of the central and state organs shall earnestly implement the tasks and measures proposed in the plan, strengthen guidance and support for the construction of ecological civilization pilot zone in Hainan, strengthen communication and cooperation, and coordinate and solve the difficulties and problems in the implementation of the plan. We will further straighten out the work management system and strengthen land and sea overall planning and sea related comprehensive management.
（2） Introduce and cultivate talents. Introduce and train a number of leading talents and high-level innovative talents in the field of ecological civilization construction, and build a high-quality professional cadre team. Strengthen the study and exchange between Hainan and the leading areas of ecological civilization at home and abroad. Support scientific research institutes such as Hainan University to cultivate and develop advantageous disciplines and key laboratories closely related to the construction of ecological civilization. Well known scientific research institutes at home and abroad are encouraged to set up branches in Hainan to carry out research on topics closely related to the construction of ecological civilization. Innovate the introduction and use mechanism of “migratory bird” talents, and set up a “migratory bird” talent workstation.
（3） Strengthen the protection of the rule of law. Hainan Provincial People’s Congress and its Standing Committee can make full use of the legislative power of the special economic zone to formulate local laws and regulations with Hainan characteristics, so as to provide a strong legal guarantee for promoting the construction of the pilot zone. If the major reform measures in the pilot area involve breaking through the provisions of current laws, regulations, rules and normative documents, they shall be reported for approval according to procedures and implemented after obtaining authorization.
（4） Carry out effect evaluation. Timely summarize the experimental results of ecological civilization, and strengthen the tracking analysis, supervision and inspection and effect evaluation of the implementation of reform tasks. The problems found during the test and the measures proved to be infeasible in practice shall be adjusted in time and relevant suggestions shall be put forward.
（5） Integration pilot demonstration. Integrate resources, carry out pilot tests, integrate the deployed comprehensive ecological civilization pilot demonstration areas such as Danzhou City, Qionghai City and Wanning City, and carry out work under the name of the national ecological civilization pilot area (Hainan); All kinds of special ecological civilization pilot demonstrations, such as the “multi compliance and one” pilot in Hainan Province, the “urban repair and ecological restoration” pilot in Sanya City, and the National Marine Ecological Civilization Construction Demonstration Zone in Sansha city and Sanya City, are unified into the national ecological civilization pilot zone (Hainan) platform for overall promotion and joint force.