The solution provided by modern architectural design is far beyond its original purpose of environmental protection. In addition to providing shelter and warmth, the new architectural design also includes digital technologies, which provide a wide range of functions to help residents control their interior quality elements. The result of this intelligent building technology is increased energy efficiency and reduced overall costs.
By 2024, the growth rate of intelligent building technology is expected to reach 23%, and its rise is obvious. It is very important to realize the remote and low-power function through the Internet of things. In addition, new and existing buildings need to deploy IOT sensors.
What is the definition of intelligent building
On this basis, intelligent building technology can provide analysts with relevant data, which can be used by analysts to optimize building performance. This data can also be used for machine learning to trigger automatic responses to control HVAC and safety systems. In addition, security enhanced IOT sensors can monitor buildings and alert authorities in the event of an intrusion.
Another goal of this emerging technology is to create more sustainable living conditions by eliminating waste, while maximizing the use of available resources. IOT devices can monitor room occupancy and adjust temperature and power output when no one is present. The more energy saved, the less impact the building has on the environment.
Intelligent building components
The progress behind the development of intelligent building includes:
Interconnected systems – in well-designed intelligent buildings, IOT sensors communicate with each other to maximize the overall building efficiency in terms of heating, cooling and safety measures. These interconnected systems transmit data to a central location for analysis.
Sensors – sensors embedded in smart devices can monitor and control certain environmental elements. For example, thermostats can automatically control indoor temperature and humidity, and detect various types of hazards, such as carbon monoxide.
Automation solution machine learning software plays an important role in transforming sensor operation data into automatic decision-making, for example, it can help identify waste in the production process. Utilities and manufacturers use automation to simplify processes, such as switching from traditional energy to renewable energy, to solve the problem of power consumption.
Big data – system analysts can use real-time data to make faster decisions, thereby reducing waste and inefficiency. Machine learning software can further use these data for predictive maintenance.
Benefits of intelligent building
Here are some of the benefits of intelligent buildings:
Improve productivity – safer, cleaner indoor air quality creates a healthier, more comfortable atmosphere, which helps to improve staff productivity.
Energy saving – smart sensors can monitor energy use in buildings and detect which devices are consuming too much power.
More accurate data analysis – sensors can detect occupancy levels of buildings in real time and monitor indoor air quality and temperature. These data can help analysts understand which parts of the building need the most resources. This information is particularly useful for production facilities.
Cost effectiveness – by continuously monitoring energy use, intelligent building equipment can help businesses reduce energy consumption when necessary to avoid high utility costs. Sensors can also monitor equipment condition and performance to avoid overheating. Ultimately, this monitoring can extend the life of the equipment and reduce maintenance costs.
Higher security – construction operators can deploy IOT sensors and cameras to detect when people enter or leave. Sensors can also detect fire or unsafe levels of chemicals to alert safety officials.
Sydney University of technology is one of the early adopters of intelligent building equipment, responsible for air conditioning control. Many other campuses, as well as utilities and factories, are moving towards intelligent technologies to simplify operations. In the next decade, intelligent buildings will become the norm.
The core of intelligent building technology is a series of Internet of things devices, which can generate a lot of data for construction operators. These data can help operators make the best decisions to optimize sustainability, security and productivity.
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