Author: He Yuhui, Systems Engineering Manager, Greater China, Pure Storage

2020 may not be a year that is missed in history, but from a technology perspective, the perspective may be different. Lockdowns around the world due to the pandemic have contributed to what TIME magazine calls one of the world’s largest “teleworking” experiments. A large amount of technology investment has been stimulated, including technologies and applications such as virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI), collaborative work, video conferencing and information security protection. In addition, we are seeing businesses around the world accelerating their digital transformation, adapting to the “new normal” of having employees telecommute and supporting customers virtually.

In this context, you may not have noticed that a technological change that may completely change the future is quietly taking place, that is, the fifth-generation broadband mobile communication technology – 5G. 5G service providers around the world have been gearing up as early as 2019, deploying ahead of schedule to seize business opportunities. China’s 5G has officially entered commercial use since 2019 [1]. As of October this year, China has opened more than 700,000 5G base stations, of which more than 97% have been shared. The number of 5G terminal connections exceeds 180 million [2]. 5G technology, featuring high speed, low latency and high reliability, is the key to improving the performance of the industrial chain and driving economic transformation and upgrading. China’s mainstream telecom operators have carried out rich 5G application innovation practices with their partners, and their key application scenarios include 10 vertical industries such as government affairs, manufacturing, transportation, logistics, education, medical care, media, police affairs, tourism, and environmental protection [3] ].

5G major innovations and changes speed up the development of software and hardware

The history of technology tells us that every time there is such a 10x speed innovation, there will be a major change, and this is what we are about to see with 5G communication. With the advent of the 10x speed revolution, you will see various innovative applications and usage scenarios. For example, 5G will bring 10x speed to the Internet, giving rise to various new application opportunities, including augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality. Real-life (VR) technology applications, even some we never imagined.

In addition, the way of software development will also change, just like when we transitioned from mainframe to master-slave architecture, and then to web architecture, we will see another leap forward in software development. The revolutionary innovations currently visible include cloud computing, containers and microservices, which allow software developers to develop applications faster than ever. As hardware development accelerates, software development speed will also increase.

The CPU (Central Processing Unit) architecture, which traditionally follows Moore’s Law, encountered bottlenecks many years ago, so the entire industry began to develop towards the GPU (Graphics Computing Unit) to meet higher application performance requirements. GPUs are an example of using special hardware to solve a problem, and we will see more of these in the future.

Comprehensive innovation of modern data experience 5G innovative applications are ready to go

In addition to stimulating the development of hardware and software, 5G will also open up innovations in various application areas, including the Internet of Things (IoT), autonomous driving, drones, industrial automation, and the medical industry. According to a study by IHS Markit commissioned by Qualcomm, 5G technology is expected to generate $13.2 trillion in global economic output by 2035, a figure that could actually be higher.

Take IoT as an example, billions of physical devices around the world will be connected by IoT. When these devices are easily connected via 5G in the future, another wave of explosive growth is set to happen. In addition, autonomous vehicles need a comprehensive and complete sensor network to make the information transmission between the vehicle and the network more reliable and stable. The Internet of Vehicles is one of the core application scenarios of 5G. The close integration of bicycle intelligence and the Internet of Vehicles can help improve the remote driving capability of vehicles and accelerate the real commercialization of autonomous driving [4]. In the future, self-driving cars will use around 4,000 GB of data per day. The large amount of data and the harsh transmission environment have stricter connection requirements. With the maturity of 5G network and the improvement of network speed, it will gradually meet the needs of the Internet of Vehicles [5].

What does all this mean from a data perspective? The future will generate much larger amounts of data, and we will see vast amounts of data far beyond what humans can currently comprehend. IDC predicts that by 2025, the global data volume will reach 175 ZB (zettabyte). This will have a profound impact on IT infrastructure, so CIOs must revisit their strategies. If you continue to use the traditional data silos and govern yourself, it will be like dancing a big knife against guns. The modern data experience is all about making data instantly and easily accessed and transformed and served where it is needed. But this cannot be achieved as long as technological barriers remain between the different environments.

5G has played an unprecedented role in China’s response to the new crown pneumonia epidemic, such as remote consultation and mobile diagnosis and treatment, emergency communication and distance education and other industries. In contrast, the epidemic has also greatly accelerated the development of 5G applications and construction [6]. In the future, 5G will surely affect all aspects of human life and inspire greater innovation.

About the author

Mr. He Yuhui joined Pure Storage in 2015 and is currently the system engineering manager of Greater China. He is responsible for the technical consulting and customer support of the company’s products in Greater China. At the same time, he assists the business team to promote Pure Storage’s cloud data platform to large Organizations and enterprises from all walks of life in China. Before that, Mr. He Yuhui served in Oracle for many years, successively serving as programmer, system designer, project manager, product manager, core technology lecturer and chief technical consultant. During his tenure as a technical consultant, he was mainly responsible for providing product training and technical support to customers and business teams in Greater China. In years of technical support experience, Mr. He Yuhui has participated in many large-scale database migration and non-stop database upgrade projects, and has also built data centers and production lines for research institutions, universities, governments, manufacturing, medical and other fields. High-availability architecture for database systems.

References

[1] 5G network will cover all prefecture-level cities in 2020

[2] China has opened more than 700,000 5G base stations, and the number of terminal connections exceeds 180 million

[3] my country officially started 5G commercial use

[4] Gao Xinxing Wu Dongsheng: 5G Internet of Vehicles Empowers Autonomous Driving and Intelligent Transportation | GFM 2020

[5] 5G “fuels” autonomous driving

[6] Experts talk: After the epidemic, how will 5G speed up?

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