At present, RFID technology promotes the transformation from “carrier transportation” to “smart logistics”. Why? Because the combination of RFID technology and pallet not only reduces the logistics cost, but also greatly improves the automation level of information collection in logistics management.
What is “carrier transport”?
“Transportation with pallet” refers to a transportation mode in which goods are assembled on a standard pallet according to certain requirements and combined into a transportation unit, which is convenient for loading, unloading, consignment and stacking by forklift or pallet elevator. “Carrier transport” has become one of the three modes of intermodal transport recognized worldwide, keeping pace with container transport and barge transport. A survey shows that 80% of the commodity trade in the United States is carried by pallets, the proportion of EU commodity trade carried by pallets exceeds 80%, and Japan has reached 77%.
At present, the total number of standardized pallets in China is 316 million, and 17 million pallets are rented, with a year-on-year increase of 16.4%. The growth rate is fast and the growth space is broad. As a major logistics Province, Guangdong Province’s total social logistics in 2016 was 19732469.5 billion yuan, accounting for 8.6% of the country; The total cost of social logistics is 1177.395 billion yuan, accounting for 14.81% of GDP. Through pallet standardization, leasing and sharing, logistics costs can be effectively reduced.
It can be seen that the road of pallet standardization is irreversible, the development of pallet leasing is also going hand in hand, and pallet sharing is more suitable for the requirements of the times. By revitalizing the social stock of logistics vehicles and taking the sharing economy as the guide, it connects the resources of pallet manufacturers, pallet lessors, logistics enterprises and manufacturers, provides a development opportunity for collaborative cooperation to achieve win-win results, and has a very broad development space in reducing costs and increasing efficiency.
The Shanghai logistics standard pilot development report points out that the logistics standardization achievements in the field of e-commerce are remarkable.
Since the implementation of the “transportation with boards” and “pallet sharing” projects in store 1, the delivery time of store 1 has been increased from 2-3 hours to 20-30 minutes, saving 90% of the receiving time, reducing the damage rate by 50% and significantly improving the inventory turnover rate.
After the implementation of standardization and pallet intermodal transportation in Suning Shanghai base, the utilization rate of the warehouse has been increased by 20%, the loading and unloading efficiency of the warehouse has been increased by 40%, and the damage rate has been reduced from 0.7% to 0.3%.
During the implementation of “carrier transportation”, Sinotrans Changhang group has increased the project operation rate by 75%, increased the vehicle turnover rate by 1.5 times, reduced the freight damage rate by 50%, and reduced the supply chain cost of the whole project by about 10%.
Application Specification for radio frequency identification tag (RFID) of commercial pallet
Tray radio frequency identification tag (RFID) is the most basic data unit in the tray sharing system and the node connecting each data in the circular common system. On December 30, 2016, GB / T 33459-2016 specification for the application of RFID tags on commercial pallets was published. The standard is applicable to the use and management of recyclable commercial pallets in logistics activities such as transportation, loading and unloading, handling, stacking and warehousing, as well as the basic requirements of recyclable pallets in the field of commercial circulation when using RFID tags as information carriers Technical requirements, storage format, storage content, installation location, test method and application operation process, etc.
RFID technology endows the standardized pallet with the world’s only “ID card” information, realizes the entrance of pallet information unit, greatly improves the collaborative efficiency of supply chain, and is an important technical means to promote the innovation of modern supply chain. In the tray management, the tray can be reused, and the RFID electronic tag can also be read and written repeatedly, which greatly reduces the cost. The electronic tag on the pallet records the item code of the pallet, and stores the product name, quantity, volume, weight, shipping address, receiving address and other relevant important information of the goods on the pallet into the database through the network. During the transportation from the departure to the destination, the RFID tag can be read through the UHF RFID reader, the required information can be retrieved at any time, and the location information of the pallet and the arrival of the goods can be uploaded.
It can be seen that the combination of RFID technology and pallet management can realize direct cargo tracking, ensure cargo safety and effectively solve pallet tracking; Realize the intellectualization of pallet positioning, recovery, management and settlement, and reduce the operating cost; Promote the development of “Internet plus” efficient logistics; Accelerate the formation of an open, shared, efficient and convenient new ecosystem of smart logistics.