People all know that in today’s era of rapid development, the Internet of things is changing every industry, from agriculture to health care, to manufacturing, to everything between the two. But what is the Internet of things (IOT)? I was always asked this question when I worked for an Internet of things (IOT) company, and during that time, I was trying to boil it down to a question that anyone could understand. This is all you need to know about the Internet of things (IOT).

What is IOT?

If you are just Baidu, “what is IOT?”, Many of the answers are unnecessary technical questions. example:

“The Internet of things (IOT) refers to the real-time acquisition of any object or process that needs to be monitored, connected or interacted through various devices and technologies such as information sensors, radio frequency identification technology, global positioning system, infrared sensors, laser scanners, etc., and the acquisition of sound, light, heat, electricity, mechanics, chemistry, biology Through all kinds of possible network access, the ubiquitous connection between things and people can be realized, and the intelligent perception, identification and management of goods and processes can be realized. The Internet of things is an information carrier based on the Internet and traditional telecommunication network. It enables all ordinary physical objects that can be independently addressed to form an interconnected network. “

Most of what you have learned are unnecessary IOT technical descriptions, which are too professional and hard to understand. And most people neither want nor need to study the essence of IOT. Therefore, in this article, I will give you a brief introduction to IOT (Internet of things) and its impact on you. This can also be used as a resource to share with other people who need to introduce IOT, such as friends, family or customers.

Before explaining, please note that “Internet of things” and “IOT” have the same meaning, one in Chinese and the other in English. Avoid confusing “Internet of things” and “IOT” later.

Internet of things (IOT) explanation: simple and nontechnical

How do you read this article now? It may be on a desktop, on a mobile device, or on a tablet, but no matter what device you use, it can definitely connect to the Internet.

IOT (Internet of things) connection is a great thing, it provides us with all kinds of benefits that could not be achieved before. If you’re old enough, think about your mobile phone before you use your smartphone. You can call or text, but now you can read any book, watch any movie or listen to any song with your palm. These are just some incredible things that smartphones can do.

There are many amazing benefits to connecting things to IOT. All of us have seen these benefits on smartphones, laptops and tablets, so to speak, all information can be like this.

IOT (Internet of things) is actually a very simple concept, which means taking everything in the world and connecting to the Internet.

I think the reason for confusion is not that the concept is so narrowly and strictly defined, but that it is so widely and loosely defined. When there are so many examples and possibilities in the Internet of things, it is difficult to keep this concept firmly in mind.

To be clear, I think it’s important to understand the benefits of connecting things to the Internet. Why should we connect everything to the Internet?

Why is IOT important

When something is connected to the Internet, that means it can send or receive information, or both. This ability to send and / or receive information makes things smart, and smart is a good thing.

Let’s take the smartphone as an example again. Now, you can watch almost any movie and TV play in the world, but it’s not because your mobile phone does store every play in the world. This is because every movie and TV play in the world is stored in other places, but your mobile phone can send information (ask the movie and TV work), and then receive information (stream the movie and TV play on the mobile phone).

To make it smart, things don’t need to have super storage or super computers inside. All you have to do is connect to a superstore or supercomputer. The connection is great.

In the Internet of things, all things connected to the Internet can be divided into three categories:

1. Something that collects information and then sends it;

2. Something that receives information and then takes action on it;

3. Both.

All three have great benefits that complement each other.

1. Collect and send information

This is mainly about sensors. Sensors can be temperature sensors, infrared sensors, humidity sensors, air quality sensors, light sensors (whatever name). These sensors and connections allow us to automatically collect information from the environment, enabling us to make more informed decisions.

On farms, automatic access to information about soil moisture can tell farmers exactly when to water. Farmers can make sure they water the right amount of water, not too much (overuse of irrigation systems and environmental waste are expensive) or too little (which can waste a lot of crops). More money for farmers, more food for the world!

Temperature and humidity sensor

Just as our vision, hearing, smell, touch and taste enable us to understand the world, sensors enable machines to understand the world.

2. Receive information and take action

We’re all very familiar with the machines that get information and then take action. Your printer receives a document and prints it. Your car receives a signal from your car key and the door opens. Examples are endless.

Whether it’s simply sending the command “open” or sending a 3D model to a 3D printer, we all know that we can tell the machine what to do at a distance. So?

The Internet of things can meet the above two conditions at the same time, in order to really play the function of the Internet of things. Something that not only collects information and sends it, but also receives it and takes action on it.

3. Do both

Let’s quickly go back to the agricultural example. Sensors can collect information about soil moisture to tell farmers how much water to water crops, but you don’t really need farmers. On the contrary, the irrigation system can be opened automatically according to the water content in the soil.

If the irrigation system receives information about the weather from its Internet connection, it can also know when it’s raining and decide not to water the crops today because they will be watered anyway.

And more than that! You can collect all the information about soil moisture, how irrigation systems water crops, and how crops actually grow, and send it to a supercomputer running amazing algorithms that make all this information meaningful.

It’s just a sensor. If you add other sensors, such as temperature and humidity recorders, weather stations, light, air quality and temperature, these algorithms can collect more information. Through dozens, hundreds, thousands of farms gathering this information, these algorithms can provide incredible insights into how to make crops grow best, thus helping to feed the world’s growing population.
        Editor in charge: PJ

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