The popularity of cloud computing has changed the way enterprises carry out business. This transformation is inevitable, and various industry organizations are adopting and deploying innovative technologies to help their businesses succeed. As these solutions provide greater flexibility and better data management, many enterprises have now realized the importance of cloud computing for software development. According to Cisco, cloud computing platforms are now handling nearly 94% of the workload.

Artificial intelligence, Internet of things and other technologies will continue to develop, but how enterprises overcome the challenges of cloud computing is a more important prediction. The future development of cloud computing is bright. Industry experts believe that cloud computing is the “next big thing” at the forefront of technology trends. By 2026, the total expenditure of cloud computing will grow at a compound annual growth rate of 16%, which proves that the cloud computing architecture will continue to exist and will continue to promote enterprises to achieve their main goals.

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There’s hardly a company today that doesn’t use cloud services. From application software development to web server, cloud computing technology makes everything easy to access and becomes an alternative to internal deployment. In addition, cloud services will define how to develop and store mobile applications without the need to install complex infrastructure. In addition, during the continuous spread of coronavirus, improving online data security, business continuity and cost efficiency has become the focus of enterprises. According to the data released by Gartner, a research firm, the global end-user spending on public cloud services is expected to grow by 18.4% in 2021, reaching US $304.9 billion, up from US $257.5 billion in 2020.

Cloud computing trends in 2021

Mixed cloud

A hybrid cloud is a combination of a private cloud and a public cloud, which allows data and applications to be shared between them. Hybrid cloud is a part of multi cloud environment, in which enterprises use multiple public clouds and internal deployment facilities. This cloud computing model provides greater flexibility and allows enterprises to move their core sensitive data to private networks while using less sensitive data through the public cloud.

More research reports show that the hybrid cloud market will reach US $52.16 billion in 2020, and is expected to reach US $145 billion by 2026. In addition, hybrid cloud brings cost efficiency, security, flexibility and scalability. One of the most significant benefits of hybrid cloud is the support for remote workers. It provides flexibility for enterprises to easily manage and accommodate remote teams to access distributed data.

Therefore, this accessible cloud computing environment is crucial to optimize the efficiency and productivity of enterprises. For example, Microsoft azure provides a variety of hybrid cloud products and services, and enterprises can use these hybrid cloud products and services to gain competitive advantages, such as azurestack, azuredefender, azurearc, etc. Hybrid cloud is the best choice for enterprises that want additional security and more control over their data, while maintaining cost-effectiveness.

Edge computing

Edge computing is popular and continues to grow at a considerable rate every year. One of the reasons why it is widely used is that it provides a distributed computing model, which means that it stores data and information internally (closer to the data source), rather than centralized servers. Data proximity brings great benefits to enterprises, such as maximum operational efficiency, rapid insight, improved performance and response time, and better bandwidth availability.

The Internet of things is usually associated with edge computing. In the Internet of things, data does not need to be processed repeatedly in the central server or cloud platform. In fact, the data can be relocated to the “edge.”. Nevertheless, edge computing is able to manage large amounts of data generated from IOT devices. In addition, when combined with 5g, the speed can be significantly improved, which will enhance the ability to adapt to the application in real time.

No server architecture

Server free architecture is associated with cloud computing. It enables enterprises to develop and run applications without managing physical infrastructure, which means that it can remove architecture engineering from the process. All extensions, maintenance and upgrades are done by cloud service providers. For example, AWS services provide a serverless architecture. Enterprise applications are still running on servers, but AWS is responsible for the management of all servers. People can learn more about serverless computing on AWS’s website.

Compared with other server less technologies, AWS server less architecture is favored by 77% of IT companies. In addition, according to a survey by O’Reilly, by 2020, 40% of organizations will adopt the server less architecture, because compared with the traditional architecture, the architecture reduces the cost, improves the scalability and the work efficiency of developers.

Developers don’t have to worry about infrastructure. Instead, they can spend more time developing more important application functions. There is no doubt that its application will continue to grow in the next few years.

Integration of artificial intelligence and machine learning

The application of artificial intelligence is one of the most common cloud computing trends in 2021. IT industry is integrating AI into cloud computing seamlessly to enhance business operation, function and efficiency. It now makes it easy for businesses to scale, adapt, effectively manage and automate their processes. Artificial intelligence can add an additional security layer to the cloud platform, which can identify and eliminate problems before they cause any damage.

Machine learning algorithms can help data centers learn from experience in order to work more efficiently in the near future. This early detection can protect the system from any failure or external attack. By 2024, the AI market’s global revenue is expected to exceed $300 billion. In addition, enterprises using artificial intelligence technology will be able to deal with heavy workload more effectively and realize task automation.

Cloud computing game

Research shows that revenue from cloud computing games is expected to exceed $1 billion. As 5g technology provides low latency and high-speed connection, and can handle the huge data brought by streaming media game services, 2021 will be a year of rapid development for cloud computing game industry.

Cloud computing games run directly on the server. Gamers don’t need to use the game console to play online games like Netflix through data stream technology. As early as 2019, Google announced the launch of its first ever cloud computing game, stadia. Microsoft also announced the launch of xcloud in this year. In addition, Amazon’s Luna is in its early stages of development, but it is sensitive. Cloud computing games allow gamers to play games on almost any device, even those that cannot run the game due to their specifications.

Application development based on Cloud Computing

This is not a relatively new concept, but one can see that cloud based application development will also grow in 2021. It’s better to develop applications on a cloud platform because it provides the best data security and speed. Application developers can deploy and test cloud based applications faster than traditional processes. Today’s enterprises integrate cloud computing technology application development into their strategies to maintain a leading position in the competition.

Having said that, enterprises have to deal with different types of data every day, some of which are sensitive data and some of which are not very important, but the data is always valuable. Therefore, choosing better automated data management from deployment options should be an important part of enterprise strategy. In this digital age, which has been plagued by fraud and fraud, data security has become crucial for global companies. Therefore, cloud computing is a useful technology.

Editor in charge ajx

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