More than 20 years, 80000 kilometers of mountain roads. Ning Qishui, deputy to the National People’s Congress and employee of KUANPING power supply station of Shanyang County power supply branch of State Grid Shaanxi electric power company, measured every inch of land in KUANPING Township, Shanyang County, Shaanxi Province with his feet. During the two sessions this year, Ning Qishui always cared about the villages he served. He felt that rural network construction and rural development have an inseparable relationship.
CLP media: what suggestions did you bring this year?
Ning Qishui: this year, I mainly focus on the construction of Shaanxi UHV transmission channel, step-by-step mitigation of cross subsidies, establishment of a long-term mechanism to reduce the energy burden of industrial and commercial users, rural power grid development and “coal to electricity”.
Shaanxi is a major energy province. It not only has rich traditional energy, but also has good conditions for the development of clean energy such as wind and light. However, there is a big gap between the new energy acceptance capacity of the power grid and the development and construction demand, which has become a short board restricting Shaanxi’s low-carbon energy transformation and green development. At the same time, the construction of rural power network should also intensify efforts to do a good job in replacing coal and firewood with electricity.
CLP media: what impact do you think the construction of UHV channel will have on the energy structure?
Ning Qishui: the unbalanced distribution of energy resources and productivity in China will continue. Primary energy is mainly distributed in northwest, southwest and Northeast China, while the power demand in the eastern and central regions lacking primary energy will continue to grow rigidly in the future. Affected by environmental capacity and other factors, the installed capacity of new power plants in the eastern and central regions is limited. By 2020, to achieve the balance between power supply and demand in economically developed areas in the East and central regions, it is necessary to receive more than 300 million kw of external power in the region.
The main coal power bases in Shaanxi include Binchang coal power base and Northern Shaanxi coal power base. At present, the national development and Reform Commission has approved the construction of Northern Shaanxi Hubei ± 800 kV HVDC transmission project, which will add 8 million kw of Shaanxi power transmission capacity and about 4-6 million kw of supporting new energy. However, in the face of the reverse distribution pattern of China’s energy resources and load demand, and the huge development potential of Shaanxi new energy, it is urgent to continue to accelerate the expansion of the power market outside the province, open a new UHV DC transmission channel, and solve the problems of new and alternative power demand in the eastern and central regions and energy consumption in Shaanxi.
I suggest to jointly promote the planning and construction of a new UHV transmission channel in Shaanxi in combination with the development of coal and new energy resources. Promote the demonstration of Binchang Jiangsu UHV DC transmission channel and incorporate it into the national power planning as soon as possible. Study on the preliminary scheme and construction timing of Shaanxi Chongqing export channel. At the same time, considering the environmental protection pressure and other factors in Guanzhong area, it is suggested to move the site of Binchang converter station from Binchang to Jiangsu UHV DC transmission end to the north, taking into account the export demand of two energy bases in Northern Shaanxi and Binchang, especially the new energy in Northern Shaanxi, so as to make room for power supply construction in Guanzhong area, reduce the power transmission pressure from northern Shaanxi to Guanzhong, and alleviate the environmental pressure of pollution control and haze reduction in Guanzhong area. Strive to promote the coordinated development of network sources, synchronously promote the planning and approval of supporting power supply, ensure the synchronous construction and operation of UHV transmission channel and supporting power supply, and give full play to the overall efficiency of the system.
CLP media: in your usual work, what do you think of the relationship between the development of China’s rural power grid and rural development?
Ning Qishui: power grid is an important national infrastructure, and power supply is a basic public service. Accelerating the development of rural power grid, improving universal service capacity and comprehensively promoting rural electrification is an important guarantee for improving farmers’ production and life, supporting rural agricultural development, winning the battle against poverty and accelerating the realization of agricultural and rural modernization. It is of great significance for revitalizing and developing rural areas.
State Grid Shaanxi electric power company has always attached great importance to the development of rural power grid, and has successively carried out phase I and phase II rural power grid transformation, “household power supply” project, rural power grid project to expand domestic demand, new rural power grid project in central and Western China and a new round of rural power grid transformation and upgrading, so as to fully serve the work of “agriculture, rural areas and farmers” and rural economic and social development.
I suggest that the central government should increase its support for the construction of rural power networks in poor areas. For the construction and transformation of rural power grid in Shaanxi, especially in poor areas, it is suggested to increase the financial support within the central budget, implement special national policies, and study to increase the proportion of central capital for rural power grid transformation and upgrading projects to more than 50% with reference to the financial policies for rural power grid projects in Tibet, Xinjiang and other places.
At the same time, appropriately improve the collection standard of rural network loan repayment funds. Due to the large gap between the capital and interest repayment of rural power grid projects and the operation and maintenance funds of power grid, the principal of rural power grid loans cannot be repaid, the total amount of loans continues to rise, and there is great pressure on enterprises. It is suggested to appropriately improve the collection standard of loan repayment funds of rural power grid, or dredge the loan repayment price gap of rural power grid by adjusting the sales price, so as to effectively solve the capital problems such as rapid development, operation and maintenance and universal service of rural power grid.