It leaders need to develop a cohesive, scalable and forward-looking cloud computing plan to fully obtain the business value of cloud computing.

What is the biggest challenge for enterprises to adopt cloud computing in 2021? In the survey, most IT leaders recognize that maintaining the leading position of cloud computing management strategy is their top priority, and ensure that their agility on the cloud platform can meet their it needs for various business operations. Enterprises can realize the leap to cloud computing in a variety of ways. However, all cloud adoption processes face a series of unique challenges more or less. These are mainly related to safety, compliance, downtime and cost-effectiveness. Customer experience is the core of all it modernization workflow, so it is important to understand the basic knowledge of cloud computing in it operation.

What is cloud computing?

The IT operation of cloud computing (also known as cloudops) is the scientific management, delivery and use of software in the cloud computing environment. It can be delivered through public cloud, private cloud, hybrid cloud or hyper converged infrastructure.

Appdynamics, an application performance management provider, points out that cloudops is a process of identifying and defining appropriate operational processes to optimize it services in a cloud computing environment.

Cloudops can use traditional it concepts and combine with Devops, containerization, data warehouse, AI mlops, robot process automation (RPA) and continuous integration (CI) / continuous delivery (CD) functions to provide IT resources delivered on demand through Internet management, monitoring and analysis. These services usually include servers, databases, software, networks, analysis and other computing functions that can be operated through cloud computing.

Here are some statistics on the development of cloud computing industry:

  • According to the cloud computing adoption rate and risk report released by McAfee, enterprises use an average of 1427 different cloud applications, most of which are SaaS applications.
  • According to the survey of Accenture, in 2020, the market scale of the global cloud computing industry will reach US $370 billion.
  • According to Gartner’s survey, global end-users’ spending on public cloud services is expected to increase by 18.4% by 2021.
  • According to flexera. 92% of enterprises said they adopted multi cloud strategy, and 82% of enterprises said they adopted hybrid cloud strategy to combine the use of public cloud and private cloud.
  • According to flexera’s survey, 36% of enterprises said their annual expenditure exceeded $12 million, and 83% said their cloud computing expenditure exceeded $1.2 million per year.
  • According to the survey of nucleus research, enterprises are implementing ipaas solutions from low to no code environment to support Devops team, save time and resources, and promote the application of non-technical users.
  • According to the survey of nucleus research, we will continue to see investment in artificial intelligence and machine learning to further simplify the automation process around workflow, data and communication. Moreover, micro service architecture, data quality and the ability to connect any user or data to any endpoint are equally important in modern cloud computing.

Users can access files and programs stored in the cloud anywhere without always using physical hardware. For example, in the past, documents and spreadsheets created by users had to be saved to hard disks and USB flash drives. Without certain hardware components, files are completely inaccessible outside the computer on which they are running. Thanks to cloud computing technology, few people worry about hard disk damage, U disk loss or damage. Cloud computing makes documents ubiquitous because data actually exists on a network of managed servers that transmit data over the Internet.

Service type of cloud computing

Cloud services are divided into three categories: software as a service (SaaS), platform as a service (PAAS) and infrastructure as a service (IAAs).

(1) Software as a service (SaaS)

Software as a service (SaaS) is the most common type of cloud service, and many people use it every day. The SaaS model makes the software accessible through applications or web browsers. Some SaaS programs are free, but many require monthly or annual subscriptions to maintain the service. SaaS solutions are popular in the business world because they do not require hardware installation or management. Notable examples include salesforce, Dropbox, and Google Docs.

(2) Platform as a service (PAAS)

Platform as a service (PAAS) is a cloud computing environment that supports web application development and deployment. Platform as a service (PAAS) supports the entire life cycle of applications and helps users build, test, deploy, manage and update all content in one place. The service also includes development tools, middleware and business intelligence solutions. Notable examples include windows azure, AWS elastic Beanstalk, and Google App Engine.

(3) Infrastructure as a service (IAAs)

Infrastructure as a service (IAAs) provides users with basic computer infrastructure functions, such as data storage, servers and hardware all in the cloud. Infrastructure as a service (IAAs) enables enterprises to access large platforms and applications.

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