Nikkei Asia commented that China has become a core participant in the formulation of international rules for emerging technologies, especially 5g.
It is reported that China is drafting a medium-term strategy called “China standard 2035” as a supplement to the “made in China 2025” strategy. In this plan, China has cultivated 5g, artificial intelligence and other fields. According to an industry organization, China submitted 830 technical documents related to wired communication specifications to the International Telecommunication Union last year, ranking first in the world, surpassing the sum of the following three countries, South Korea, the United States and Japan. These documents can serve as the basis for the consideration of new standards, and more documents mean more voice.
The Japanese Industrial Standards Committee found that since 2014, China has participated in 16 of the 65 proposals for the establishment of new technical committees by the international organization for standardization and the International Electrotechnical Commission. These committees draft norms in specific areas, and leaders usually come from countries that make recommendations.
Although Britain and France began to take a tougher stance on Huawei, such measures can not completely eliminate China’s influence in the 5g field. According to the cyber creative Institute, Huawei ranks first among the necessary patent submitters of 5g standard. It leads the international organization 3GPP in 5g related contributions and defeats European competitors and Qualcomm.
Similarly, Huawei is also a pioneer of 4G technology. A lawyer proficient in intellectual property issues said: “even if Huawei is prohibited from building 5g network, enterprises sometimes have to pay patent fees to Huawei for using patents that have become part of the industry standard.”
China can use its influence on standards to weaken economic sanctions. If China successfully takes the initiative in standard development, Chinese manufacturers will gain advantages in developing 5g mobile phone chips and software, which may enhance China’s competitiveness in more important fields than equipment assembly. This will set another obstacle to the US strategy to curb China’s scientific and technological influence.