Since Amazon AWS first launched cloud services in 2006, the cloud computing industry has developed rapidly for more than ten years. Cloud computing will play an increasingly important role in the future industrial transformation. 2019 is the first year of 5g development. The characteristics of “large bandwidth”, “large connection” and “low delay” will open the era of interconnection of all things, and new digital services will continue to emerge to realize the digitization of industry and life, making connections and data everywhere. 5g will form an intelligent infrastructure together with emerging technologies represented by cloud to empower the upcoming smart society.
Cloud can help enterprises reduce costs and increase efficiency. Cloud transformation has become an inevitable trend. Therefore, China’s cloud market will continue to develop at a high speed. According to the white paper on the development of cloud computing in China in 2019, the growth rate of China’s cloud computing market will exceed 96.2 billion yuan in 2019, with a growth rate of 96.2% in 2018. In 2018, the market scale of public cloud reached 43.7 billion yuan, an increase of 65.2% over 2017. By 2022, the market scale will reach 173.1 billion yuan; In 2018, the private cloud market reached 52.5 billion yuan, an increase of 23.1% over 2017. By 2022, the market scale will reach 117.2 billion yuan.
At the same time, China’s digital economy is also booming. In 2018, the scale of China’s digital economy reached 31.3 trillion yuan, accounting for 34.8% of GDP that year (it is predicted to reach 55% by 2035). In the 5g era, 5g will cross develop with AI intelligence, IOT Internet of things, cloud cloud, big data, edge cloud edge cloud (abbreviated as aicde) and other technologies to jointly build intelligent infrastructure and enable the vigorous development of digital economy.
Cloud has become an important part of new information infrastructure and the main entrance to provide digital services for government and enterprises. The digital development of various industries has been inseparable from the support of cloud computing. In the 5g era, the development trend of cloud computing is mainly reflected in the following aspects. IAAs, PAAS and SaaS service modes in China’s cloud market continue to develop in synergy, and the market scale will be adjusted with the change of customer demand.
IAAs is a basic “cash cow” business. In 2018, the market scale of IAAs reached 27 billion yuan, an increase of 81.8% over 2017; SaaS is a key business. In 2018, the market scale was 14.5 billion yuan, an increase of 38.9% over 2017; PAAS is the future. The market scale of PAAS in 2018 was 2.2 billion yuan, an increase of 87.9% over the previous year. The market scale will continue to maintain a high growth rate in the next few years.
It is estimated that by 2025, about 40% of the businesses of global enterprises will be directly hosted on the public cloud, 40% on the private cloud / hybrid cloud, and less than 20% on the private cloud. Cloud service providers support multiple cloud business forms of public cloud, private cloud and hybrid cloud, and provide online (standard cloud service) and offline (customized cloud service) delivery modes.
Multi cloud has become a common demand, and cross cloud management, data and service migration have become important technical means. Multi cloud can provide each enterprise with the most suitable services for its needs. The adoption of multi cloud by enterprises will increase exponentially. Gartner predicts that multi cloud will become the common strategy of 70% of enterprises in 2019, and hybrid cloud management platform is very important to realize multi cloud management.
Edge computing has become a new competitive hotspot for all cloud service providers, and it is also an area with great growth potential for cloud services in the 5g era.
Relying on the first mover advantage of cloud computing technology, the head company of cloud services sinks cloud technology to the edge side, and vigorously develops edge computing by taking the opportunity of strengthening artificial intelligence on the edge side; Industrial enterprises rely on rich industrial scenes to carry out edge computing practice and strengthen field level control; Telecom operators are meeting 5g major market opportunities and will fully deploy edge nodes to lay a solid foundation for the layout of the next generation of intelligent infrastructure.