New year, new weather. 2021 is the first year of the "14th Five-Year Plan". It is of great significance to take the first step and promote the smooth operation of the industrial economy. my country clearly proposes to enhance the independent and controllable capabilities of the industrial chain and supply chain, and vigorously develop the digital economy.
What is the development trend of the industrial economy in the new year? How to make up the short board and forge the long board in the supply chain of the industrial chain? How to expand the deep application of 5G? Dialogue with Minister of Industry and Information Technology Xiao Yaqing on the above issues.
Identify a trend – the long-term improvement of the industrial economy
"Opportunities outweigh challenges, and the fundamentals of sustainable and healthy development have not changed." Xiao Yaqing used this sentence to make judgments on the industrial development situation in 2021.
He said frankly that the external environment is still complex and severe, the domestic economy is generally in a recovery period, and there are still many uncertain and unstable factors. Although the growth of investment in the manufacturing industry is still sluggish, and the "stuck neck" in key high-tech fields is still prominent, these are problems in development. There are still many opportunities and favorable conditions to maintain the stable and healthy development of the industrial economy.
For example, major strategic achievements have been made in the fight against the epidemic, and a new round of technological revolution and industrial transformation has entered a period of accelerated breakthrough, providing important support and broad space for the high-quality development of the manufacturing industry. The continuous promotion of market-oriented reform and high-level opening to the outside world has effectively stimulated the power and vitality of market players. A complete industrial system, strong supporting capabilities, and a large-scale domestic market have provided a solid guarantee for the smooth operation of the industrial economy.
"We must focus on the overall situation of building a strong manufacturing country and a strong Internet country, and put the advancement of the advanced industrial base and the modernization of the industrial chain in a prominent and important position." Xiao Yaqing said.
He said that the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will scientifically formulate the "14th Five-Year" series of plans in the field of industry and informatization, especially highlighting the overall development plan of the manufacturing industry. In engineering, efforts are made to improve the quality of supply and promote the digital, networked and intelligent development of the manufacturing industry.
Focus on a keyword – industrial chain supply chain
In 2021, what should be the starting point to promote the development of the industrial economy? A key word – industrial chain supply chain.
The Central Economic Work Conference emphasized that the independent and controllable capabilities of the industrial chain and supply chain should be enhanced, and a series of deployments should be made.
Xiao Yaqing said that my country is a big manufacturing country with an independent and complete industrial system. It has obvious industrial scale and supporting advantages, and the industrial chain and supply chain have strong resilience, but there are still problems of weak foundation and low level. Some basic products and technologies There is a high degree of external dependence, there is a risk of "stuck neck" in key links, and the supply of high-end products such as high-end general-purpose chips and robot high-precision reducers is insufficient.
"These problems are the 'hard bones' that we must gnaw down to build a strong manufacturing country." Xiao Yaqing said that the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will focus on the advanced industrial foundation and the modernization of the industrial chain, focusing on three aspects:
– Make up for shortcomings. Implement the industrial base reengineering project, focus on the weak links of the industry, carry out engineering research on key basic technologies and products, strengthen overall quality management, and establish a number of national manufacturing innovation centers.
– Forged long plates. Promote the high-end, intelligent, and green transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, accelerate the deep integration of new-generation information technology and manufacturing, focus on areas of industrial advantage, and cultivate and build a number of advanced manufacturing clusters.
– A strong enterprise. Support large enterprises to become stronger and better, cultivate a group of industrial chain "chain master" enterprises with ecological dominance, support small and medium-sized enterprises to improve their professional capabilities, and form a group of "specialized, special and new" small giant enterprises and manufacturing single champion enterprises .
Seize an opportunity – the digital economy opens up new space
Facing the challenges of the epidemic, the digital economy has greatly expanded and enhanced the room for maneuver and resilience of my country's economic development.
Xiao Yaqing believes that at present, the new generation of information technology is entering a new stage of iterative evolution and accelerated integration and innovation, and it is necessary to firmly grasp the development opportunities of the digital economy.
5G is the key to building a network and laying a foundation.
He said that in accordance with the principle of being moderately advanced, the in-depth coverage of 5G cities at the prefecture level and above should be completed as soon as possible, and the extension to counties and towns with conditions should be accelerated gradually. At the same time, strengthen cooperation with relevant departments to jointly promote 5G application pilot demonstrations and promote the cultivation of 5G application ecology.
In terms of industrial digitization, we will deeply implement the intelligent manufacturing project, deepen the "5G + Industrial Internet" 512 project, focus on 10 key industries, form 20 typical industrial application scenarios, and strive to land in more industrial enterprises.
"While we are actively creating a favorable environment for the development of 5G applications, we must also remain patient and allow space. I believe that 5G will bring exciting and even unexpected changes in the near future," he said.
Do a good job of "addition and subtraction" of services – helping small and medium-sized enterprises overcome difficulties
The key to ensuring the main body of the market is to ensure the survival and development of small and medium-sized enterprises.
Xiao Yaqing said that in the face of the severe impact of the epidemic, my country has resolutely introduced a series of policies and measures to "subtract" taxes and arrears, and "add" credit and services to help enterprises.
For example, the state-owned enterprises will increase their efforts to settle accounts owed to private individuals and small and medium-sized enterprises. From January to November 2020, the country has settled a total of 184.1 billion yuan of arrears. Implemented policies such as phased deferral of principal and interest repayment for loans to small, medium and micro enterprises, and increased credit loan support for small and micro enterprises, benefiting more than 3.1 million enterprises. Driven by policies, SMEs have accelerated their recovery and development.
In 2021, what new changes will be made in the policy of helping enterprises?
"Focusing on the three areas of 'policy, environment and service', focusing on the two key points of 'financing and protection of rights and interests', focusing on the goal of 'the professional ability and level improvement of SMEs', and striving to build a '321' work system for SMEs." Xiao Yaqing answered.
He proposed that the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will deepen the third-party assessment of the development environment of small and medium-sized enterprises, improve the integrated platform of public services for small and medium-sized enterprises; study and improve the policy of reducing fees, awards and subsidies for the financing guarantee business of small and micro enterprises, and implement regulations to ensure payment of small and medium-sized enterprises; strive to pass 3 to 5 In 2019, 10,000 "specialized, refined, and new" small giant enterprises were selected and announced to accelerate the formation of an industrial ecology featuring innovation collaboration, production capacity sharing, and supply chain interconnection between large and medium-sized enterprises.
Focusing on carbon peaking and carbon neutrality target nodes – do a good job in industrial low-carbon emission reduction
The Central Economic Work Conference listed "doing a good job in carbon peaking and carbon neutrality" as one of the key tasks in 2021. Industry is an important area of carbon emissions, and it is very important to realize low-carbon emission reduction in industry.
Xiao Yaqing said that in the past five years, my country has built 2,121 green factories, 171 green industrial parks, and 189 green supply chain enterprises, promoted nearly 20,000 kinds of green products, and included more than 4.87 million new energy vehicles into the power battery traceability management platform. The green manufacturing system was initially formed.
In 2021, we must make every effort to do a good job in energy conservation and emission reduction in the industrial field. Implement the "double control" policy of energy consumption, strictly control the scale of new production capacity in the heavy chemical industry, resolutely reduce the output of crude steel, ensure that the output of crude steel decreases year-on-year, and release a new version of the implementation measures for steel production capacity replacement, and improve the production capacity information early warning release mechanism.
At the same time, formulate action plans and roadmaps for carbon peaking in key industries, encourage industrial enterprises and parks to build green microgrids, give priority to the use of renewable energy, and build green factories and green industrial parks in various industries and regions.
The development of new energy vehicles is the focus of promoting energy conservation and emission reduction. Xiao Yaqing said that the implementation roadmap for the automobile industry will be formulated around the goals of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality, strengthening the innovation of vehicle integration technology, and promoting the parallel development of electrification, networking, and intelligence. At the same time, by formulating supporting laws and regulations, improving recycling system, release relevant standards, etc., to promote the recycling and utilization of new energy vehicle power batteries.
Responsible editor: gt