At present, both Hangzhou and other regional government departments are vigorously promoting the construction of smart city and strengthening urban governance by using technologies such as big data, artificial intelligence and blockchain.

Among them, blockchain technology is undoubtedly a very important supporting technology, which is gradually bursting out a force that can not be ignored in the process of urban governance.

On January 3, at the salon with the theme of “chain connecting 2020” hosted by Firebird finance, representatives of Hangzhou Internet notary office, Xiacheng big data Bureau, Hangzhou mobile and Babbitt shared the current attitude of government departments towards blockchain with the topic of “viewing blockchain application from urban governance” Problems faced and the role of blockchain in urban governance in the future.

The government has a strong demand for the chain

Lei Qing of Xiacheng big data Bureau introduced that the current government departments are very urgent to apply blockchain. Since the second half of 2019, blockchain has been promoted for urban governance all over the country.

After a period of exploration, big data in Xiacheng District believes that the application of blockchain in urban governance mainly focuses on the following three aspects.

First, data sharing. At present, the degree of data sharing among various government departments is not very high. On the one hand, it is for political reasons, on the other hand, the data of various departments are inconsistent. Take the simplest address, for example, the address registered with the Ministry of public security is 602, building 1, a unit, and the address registered with the Ministry of civil affairs may be 602, building 1, a unit. Only when these two addresses become a trusted and unique address that cannot be tampered with, can data sharing be carried out.

Second, government services. At present, Hangzhou is running at most once. Now we encounter a difficulty. How can we simplify the materials? How to make personal identity information unique and reliable in the network environment, blockchain is undoubtedly a good choice.

Third, urban supervision. The reason why the supervision of urban businesses in some aspects is difficult is that the supervision is time-consuming, labor-consuming and human consuming. Regulatory data may not be submitted in real time, or the submitted data may be tampered with. How to make the rewards and punishments made by the supervisor justified and the data trusted by the supervisor, blockchain is also a good application.

Blockchain for blockchain?

After the “October 24 speech”, local government departments acted quickly, and many blockchain applications in urban governance have sprung up one after another. For this phenomenon, people inevitably worry about blockchain for blockchain.

In this regard, Ruan Xiao of Hangzhou Internet notary office believes that it needs to be treated calmly, there is no need for excessive packaging, and it is not appropriate to blindly exaggerate the value of blockchain. In judicial cases, blockchain is a very effective means for online disputes. However, for many offline behaviors, if you rashly go up the chain without distinguishing between true and false, although the data can not be tampered with after going up the chain, the source is false, and the whole chain finally goes to the court is also false.

Lei Qing of Xiacheng big data Bureau believes that the current government departments have slowly changed from the original management government to a service-oriented government, which is a blockchain, and the phenomenon of blockchain is relatively rare.

“As far as our bureau and Xiacheng District are concerned, everything we do has a goal orientation. We don’t put the blockchain up in order to catch up with the concept. We must think that the blockchain will achieve a certain effect after it is used in this scenario. We will do it only after the goal deduces the demand.”

For example, in the area of urban governance, a city brain new world demonstration area was built in the lower reaches of the city, and all the scenes of the city’s brain were applied to the new world. In the process of construction of the demonstration area, when the two hotels in Xiacheng District and Xintiandi cooperate, there is a pain point, that is, the hotel for disinfection supervision is still using traditional way of manual bookkeeping, it will appear that the information of bookkeeping is not allowed, and make up notes.

Disinfection supervision, hotel and market supervision departments all have needs. According to the needs of these two aspects, the lower urban area uses 5g cameras to capture information, upload the generated result data to the chain, and generate non tamperable data, which well solves the pain point of disinfection supervision.

be full of worries

In March 2018, Hangzhou mobile and Zhejiang University jointly launched the West Lake Longjing traceability demonstration base of “blockchain + Internet of things”, which is the first tea traceability project based on “blockchain + Internet of things” in Zhejiang Province.

It is this project that gave birth to today’s blockchain service network (BSN).

According to Tong zhouyou of the government and enterprise customer department of mobile Hangzhou company, after the Longjing tea traceability project was displayed at the 2019 Hangzhou Tea Culture Expo and the opening ceremony of the West Lake Longjing Tea Festival, many foreign tea owners were very interested and hoped to build the same system. Considering the high cost and shortage of manpower in the field, Hangzhou mobile puts forward an idea, is it possible to build a national blockchain infrastructure and lower the development threshold. This idea has been recognized by partners such as the national information center and China UnionPay, which jointly promoted the birth of BSN.

At present, BSN is adapting various underlying frameworks. Fabric and FISCO bcos have been adapted. In the future, many framework companies will develop alliances on BSN.

Tong zhouyou said that BSN is an infrastructure equivalent to a railway station. “When we build the station, the underlying framework is like a railway track. Each blockchain company builds it by itself. Each application publisher selects different railway tracks and runs different trains according to their own needs.”

On December 1, 2019, BSN assisted the pilot launch of social governance and urban brain down town platform, and Hangzhou Xiacheng District People’s government signed a comprehensive strategic cooperation agreement with BSN development alliance and Hangzhou mobile.

Recently, Hangzhou Mobile has frequently dealt with government departments. However, Tong zhouyou found that the government’s demand for the chain is very strong, but there are still some concerns.

Concerns mainly come from two aspects. First, the original business system has invested a lot of money, and the system has been very perfect. Do you have to use blockchain to transform it? Second, what effect can be achieved after transforming the business system with blockchain?

For this concern, Tong zhouyou frankly said, “we are also groping now, because at present, it is not very convincing.”

Ruan Xiao expressed concern from another aspect.

Some government data are required to be saved for a very long time, but the current blockchain enterprises are basically start-ups. Startups are at risk of bankruptcy at any time.

“When we cooperate with some start-up companies, even Unicorn companies, we also have some concerns. That is to say, with such cooperation, your enterprises can pat their ass and leave in the future, but I have to continue to operate. What’s the operation method?”

Therefore, Ruan Xiao suggested that there is no problem finding blockchain enterprises to cooperate in the development of some short-term data. If it is some long-term data, you should save one by yourself.

What will happen in the future?

Blockchain is used for urban governance. Although it seems that it is generally implemented in the field of government affairs, urban governance includes not only government affairs, but also people’s livelihood, industry and other fields. At the same time, blockchain is still in its infancy in urban governance and needs to undergo a long time cycle test.

Looking forward to the future, Ma Qianli, vice president of Babbitt, opened a brain hole: in the future, licenses and financial data are illegal if they are not on the blockchain.

How do you understand this sentence? In fact, it can be compared with automatic driving. With the maturity of automatic driving technology and vehicle networking, all vehicles on the road in the future will be unmanned vehicles. Cars are connected and know each other. Cars, roads and traffic lights are networked. They clearly know the road congestion and the real-time driving posture of surrounding vehicles, so as to pass quickly. People can’t deal with such complex information. In the mode of automatic driving around, manual driving will be very dangerous or even illegal.

Blockchain is the same. In the future, after all licenses and financial data are linked, people will know their source and destination. Data not on the chain may be illegal.

Although the current blockchain is more used as a database, Ma Qianli believes that “we need to be more tolerant to the blockchain. The blockchain is definitely not as simple as the database, and many different things will happen to the blockchain in the future.”

Responsible editor: CT

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