When you think of the Internet of things (IOT), what words do you think of? For many, the answer will be “connectivity.”. After all, the core of the Internet of things is to connect previously independent devices to public or private networks. There, they can share data that they had to collect manually before, if any, and they can also receive data over these networks. Like the wider Internet, the Internet of things is a network of “things or devices”.

How to understand convergence and interoperability in the Internet of things

However, establishing such a connection is not always as simple as ensuring that devices or “things” can access the Internet, especially in manufacturing and industrial environments. A typical enterprise Internet of things environment includes a variety of different operating systems, communication and connection protocols, as well as the types of devices that are not integrated and may not be interoperable.

That’s why convergence and interoperability are a crucial part of the picture of the Internet of things – and, of course, security, in terms of its importance, has yet to be discussed enough.

What does convergence and interoperability mean?

To put it simply, integration is to connect different things so that they can communicate with each other, while interoperability means to introduce standard technologies and protocols between them so that they can speak the same language. The first step is to provide links, and the second step is to ensure that the links are actually valid. These two are very important for building an effective Internet of things ecosystem.

The problem is that in the typical deployment of the Internet of things, there are many different stakeholders, including multiple device manufacturers, cloud providers, communication providers and so on. So far, there is no unified method to achieve the integration and interoperability of the Internet of things. So the best way to do this now is to understand the principles or technical specifications they need to implement and build a framework for your organization from scratch.

Enabling convergence and interoperability

The key point to keep in mind is that convergence and interoperability work at several different levels, and all need to be considered together.

At the device level, the specific hardware and software functions of all different “things” in the ecosystem need to be interconnected and interoperated, which usually requires machine to machine (M2M) communication protocol; (from IOT home network) then, at the protocol level, you need to consider different communication technologies, including Ethernet and wireless technology, which requires protocol conversion function; finally, in the number At the level of data processing, you need to consider the format that you can convert data from multiple different devices into.

Only when all these layers work together, can you create a truly comprehensive and effective interoperability framework that can provide useful data analysis from the beginning of the Internet of things ecosystem, and can effectively extend and expand into the future.

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