2020 has multiple “identities” — it is a key year for 5g commercial development, an important year for the end of the 13th five year plan and the start of the 14th five year plan. It is also the closing year for China to build a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way and achieve the first centenary goal.
In recent years, with the policy dividend support of the 13th five year plan and the joint efforts of all sectors of society, China’s digital economy has achieved leapfrog development, the total amount of digital economy has risen to a new level, the foundation of digital industrialization has become more solid, the process of industrial digitization has been accelerated and upgraded, and the international cooperation of digital economy has been steadily promoted. At the same time, with the emergence of new technologies such as 5g, big data, blockchain, artificial intelligence, and new policies such as “new infrastructure”, all aspects of China’s social economy are advancing at full speed.
“13th five year plan” fruitful, 5g becomes a powerful “booster”
With the rapid development of information technology revolution, the wave of digital economy is coming, and the integration of Internet technology application has profoundly changed people’s production and life style, and has an increasingly far-reaching impact on politics, economy, culture and other fields. During the period of the 13th five year plan, China’s national strength has become increasingly strong, and has achieved fruitful results both in economy and in science and technology. The emergence of 5g has added a “fire” to the transformation and development of China’s digital economy.
It is said that “4G changes life, 5g changes society”. Since 5g was officially put into commercial use in China last year, Qianxing Baiye has “accelerated” into a new era of development. On September 5, at the 2020 China International Trade in services Fair (hereinafter referred to as the “service trade fair”), Wen Ku, director of the information and Communication Development Department of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that China’s 5g network construction has been accelerating, and more than 480000 5g base stations have been built. The number of 5g terminal connections continues to grow. At present, the number of 5g internet terminal connections has exceeded 100 million.
The rapid development of 5g requires the efforts of operators. On September 9, 2019, China Telecom and China Unicom signed a 5g Network Co Construction and sharing framework agreement, which agreed to build and share a 5g boutique network within the whole 5g life cycle and the whole network.
On September 9, 2020, on the first anniversary of the “marriage”, China Telecom and China Unicom held a review and summary of the first anniversary work of 5g Network Co Construction and sharing and the promotion meeting of comprehensively deepening the co construction and sharing cooperation. Relevant data shows that in a short period of one year, the two sides have built and opened more than 300000 5g base stations, and the coverage of 5g network has been expanded to all cities at prefecture level and above. It is preliminarily estimated that more than 60 billion yuan of construction investment can be saved for the two countries. The 5g network coverage capacity can be rapidly formed with the shortest time and the least investment, and strive to have SA commercial basic network capability before September 30 power. The accelerated deployment of 5g network has successfully contributed to the completion of the 13th five year plan development task.
Set sail for the 14th five year plan and open a new chapter of digital economy
The “14th five year plan” is the first five years for China to build a well-off society in an all-round way and realize the first centenary goal, and then take advantage of the situation to start a new journey of building a socialist modern country in an all-round way and march towards the second centenary goal. 2020 is at the node of the “13th five year plan” and “14th five year plan”, so it is of great significance to do well in the next step of development.
Xiao Yaqing, Secretary of the Party group and Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, specially mentioned at the Summit Forum on the development trend and frontier of Digital Trade: “2020 is the end of the 13th year plan and the foundation year for opening a new journey of national development during the 14th Five Year Plan Period. The leapfrog development of China’s digital economy is mainly reflected in four aspects.
First, the total amount of digital economy has risen to a higher level. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the scale of China’s digital economy has grown from 11 trillion to 35.8 trillion, accounting for 36.2% of the total GDP, which has become an important support for high-quality economic development.
Second, the foundation of digital industrialization is more solid. With the rapid development of China’s software industry, the revenue in 2019 is 7.2 trillion, with a year-on-year growth of 15.4%, and the enabling role is increasingly prominent. China’s network capacity continues to lead the world, and the penetration rate of China’s optical fiber users ranks first in the world, and 5g users exceed 60 million.
Third, the process of industrial digitization has been accelerated. Digital transformation of China’s manufacturing industry is progressing steadily. There are more than 70 public industrial Internet platforms and more than 400000 service industry enterprises. With more and more digital and intelligent chemical plants and workshops, the effect of reducing cost and increasing value is very significant.
Fourth, international cooperation in digital economy has been steadily promoted. For four consecutive years, China has organized and participated in the G20 digital economy ministerial meeting to promote multilateral cooperation between China and ASEAN, BRICs countries, China Russia, and China EU, and bilateral cooperation has continued to deepen.
Fully release 5g potential and vigorously develop digital economy
Standing at the intersection of the new era, how to shoot the first shot of the “14th five year plan” is crucial. Xiao Yaqing said that 2020 is the end of the 13th five year plan and the foundation year for opening a new journey of national development during the 14th Five Year Plan period. The next step is to focus on the following four aspects.
One is to promote digital industrialization. High quality preparation of the “14th five year plan” big data, software, information and communication industry planning, clear development goals and tasks under the new situation; second, promote industrial digitization. Promote the in-depth integration of informatization and industrialization, deeply implement the industrial Internet innovation and development strategy, and accelerate the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry; third, service digital governance. We should promote the national standard of data management capability, optimize the market-oriented allocation of data elements, and enhance the ability to guarantee data and network security; fourth, we should deepen open cooperation. We will actively participate in multilateral and bilateral cooperation between G20, BRICs, China, Russia and China, and contribute China’s wisdom and China’s program to the development of digital economy.
The key to 5g development in the future is how to give full play to the technical characteristics of 5g, enable all walks of life, and further stimulate the new momentum of 5g development. In this regard, Wen Ku put forward three suggestions at the service trade conference.
One is to continuously improve the network supply capacity. Telecom operators should focus on the deployment planning of 5g network construction, accelerate the network construction in major cities, and strive to build a 5g network with extensive coverage, advanced technology and excellent quality as soon as possible. The industry should work together to accelerate the maturity of technology solutions such as end-to-end network slicing and break through the bottleneck of network supply capacity. We will strengthen the innovation of industry 5g private network mode, promote the implementation of 5g virtual private network construction, and accelerate the industrial network coverage and application scale development.
The second is to actively build application industry ecology. Encourage communication enterprises to cooperate with enterprises such as artificial intelligence, cloud computing and big data to jointly develop comprehensive solutions for vertical industries. Accelerate the in-depth application of intelligent manufacturing, Internet of vehicles, medical care and other key fields, explore and form a business model that can be copied and promoted, enrich 5g application scenarios, deepen 5g integration application, and build a prosperous ecosystem.
Third, deepen international exchanges and cooperation. At the same time, in addition to international cooperation in technology, standards and industry, we should also strengthen cooperation in application, carry out sharing of excellent application cases, and jointly explore business models, so as to promote the integration and development of 5g across industries in various countries around the world.
All the past is a prelude. Looking back on the 13th five year plan, we have gained a lot. Looking forward to the 14th five year plan, we still need to do a lot. In the next five years, we will pave the way for new development with 5g, open the door to a new era with digital economy, seek development for the people and lay a solid foundation for the happy life of hundreds of millions of Chinese people.
Editor in charge: Tzh