Singapore’s leading position in smart city is mainly due to its forward-looking infrastructure, smart transportation, smart medicine, smart building, smart environment, etc. the application of Internet of things technology provides great convenience for urban life. Smart city is an extremely complex system, including infrastructure construction, communication guarantee, big data management, data security, etc.

Singapore is the first country in the world to use RFID technology. As early as 1998, Singapore applied RFID technology to the automatic toll collection system for controlling and managing urban traffic volume. The National Library of Singapore began to use RFID in late 1998, becoming the first library to apply this technology in the field of books. To this end, the Singapore government has spent billions of dollars early on to build the latest RFID infrastructure. Government officials also believe that using RFID technology will make Singapore a future supply center and Global trade center, not only because it can improve work efficiency and save use costs, but also because it can show singapore’s technical strength.

Every car in Singapore has a smart card device that can be inserted with a built-in RFID chip. Singapore has set up a number of electronic toll stations in the central business district and the expressway with the largest traffic flow. When driving on the highway, vehicles often see a gate type facility marked with “ERP” in front of them. When the vehicle passes through the gate, the automatic payment can be realized by cooperating with the reader / writer installed on the vehicle. As the non-contact toll collection mode is adopted, the vehicles do not need to stop or slow down when passing the toll station, so the embarrassment that the toll gate turns into the source of traffic jam is avoided. Some parking lots also use this system configuration of the government to automatically collect parking fees. This greatly accelerates the speed and reduces the labor. The more important role is management. Highway toll collection is based on different vehicle types, and different gate locations and times, so as to control the traffic flow in peak sections and periods.

In addition, all buses in Singapore also use RFID technology. Most Singaporeans have a smart card with built-in RFID chip, which can be bought at the subway station or recharged at the subway or bus transfer station. Two RFID readers are installed at the front and rear doors of the bus. When passengers get on the bus, they just need to shake the wallet with the smart card on the reader. When arriving at the destination underground train, you should also shake it, so that the system can calculate the number of passenger stations or distances, and deduct the corresponding amount from the smart card.

The National Library of Singapore is a well-known project in the RFID industry. It is also the first large-scale Library in the world to adopt RFID Management completely. It is understood that the Singapore government has invested more than 1billion Singapore dollars to build this library. Singapore citizens can use their ID cards or driver’s licenses to borrow books from the National Library.

The national library has a total of 76 libraries, some of which are opened in large shopping malls for the convenience of readers. After borrowing, readers can return the books in any other library, and they can return the books 24 hours a day. Borrowers can choose any national library branch nearby to return the books.

The library pastes an RFID tag on the back of each book. The reader puts the selected book on a blue panel in front of the self-service borrowing machine, and the machine will automatically scan it. It only takes 2-3 steps to complete the borrowing process, which is very convenient and fast. The self-service book return system of the library is similar to the mail box of the post office. Just go to the “Book slot” of the self-service book return system and throw in the books to be returned one by one to complete the book return process. There is also a display screen on the top of the system to see the return of books. The library will sort out these books returned from other places and hire the post office to send them back to their “place of origin”.

According to official statistics, the Singapore National Library system receives 32million readers a year, which is equivalent to an average of eight visits to the library by every Singaporean in a year. It can be seen that efficient library management services have achieved remarkable results.

It is difficult to see anxious patients waiting in long lines in hospitals in Singapore. This is mainly due to the improvement and ease of use of the national public database and the complete hospital management system. The hospital has been very mature in the use of RFID, including the dynamic allocation of wards and operating rooms, and the real-time management of drugs, blood banks and laboratory libraries. RFID technology has greatly improved the management and operation efficiency of hospitals in Singapore.

According to the public statement of the information and communication development authority of Singapore, the core of Singapore’s “smart country” concept can be summarized in Three Cs: connect, collect and understand. In the early stage of the development of the Internet of things, the proportion of connection and collection is obviously higher, and RFID can play a great role in this process. At present, Singapore has widely used RFID in various fields such as administration, urban infrastructure and industry. The application in many scenarios can be regarded as a model of RFID technology.
Editor ajx


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