With the increasingly complex international political and economic environment, domestic chips are surging. Domestic industry, academic research institutions and government departments attach great importance to domestic operating systems. With the rapid development of artificial intelligence internet of things (aiot), embedded operating system plays a more and more important role in the intelligent system. In order to cope with the increasingly complex and uncertain external environment, domestic intelligent system can not do without domestic embedded operating system. Intelligent industry and Internet of things have a strong demand for domestic embedded operating system. To this end, School of computer science, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Hangzhou Institute of innovation, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Internet of things research center, China Institute of electronic technology standardization, embedded system fraternity, and single chip microcomputer and embedded system application magazine held the “second domestic embedded operating system technology and Industrial Development Forum and embedded system development forum” in Hangzhou in October System fraternity Symposium (total 26th) “.
This forum focuses on “embedded operating system in industrial intelligent system” and “Internet of things operating system in aiot era”. Experts and scholars engaged in embedded operating system research, education, development and open source project maintenance as well as industry colleagues were invited to participate in the keynote speech and guest discussion. Deng yuan, President of Hangzhou Institute of innovation, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, delivered a speech for the conference. Under the chairmanship of Professor Niu Jianwei from school of computer science, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics and he Xiaoqing, Secretary General of the embedded system fraternity, the participants discussed the latest technologies, new products and industrial opportunities of the Internet of things, 5g, robot and aiot embedded operating systems and software, as well as a series of issues promoting the rapid development of the industry, such as the standardization of domestic operating systems and ecological construction, offline and offline More than 150 experts and scholars from embedded systems, Internet of things and industrial robots from all over the country attended the forum.
Morning topic: embedded operating system in industrial intelligent system
Reexamine automobile operating system from the perspective of safety
Dr. Huang Yizhi of Hunan University
With the development of automotive intelligence and networking, the complex electronic / The electrical system structure and application software make the safety property the most important and complex property of automobile. Dr. Huang Yizhi, Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of embedded and network computing, Hunan University, presented the first report entitled “re examining automotive operating system from the perspective of security”. The report reexamines the automotive operating system from the perspective of new automotive safety, and mainly expounds the following problems: automotive electronics / The changes of electrical structure and application demand bring new problems of vehicle safety; Whether the design of traditional automobile operating system is safe or not; The development trend of automotive operating system from the perspective of new safety.
Although interaction and intelligence are important, security is undoubtedly the most important issue. As the core component of connecting and managing automobile hardware and software, automobile operating system provides the most important guarantee for automobile safety. The key to automobile safety is the distributed operating system running on Automobile ECU. However, with the future of intelligent vehicle computing platform to join the car control, all the operating systems in the car must provide the necessary real-time environment, and achieve the highest security level. Dr. Huang stressed: in order to cope with the challenges faced by the future automotive operating system, automotive engineers should focus on the automotive system, and the computer problems should be solved by the operating system and upper software.
Off line programming technology of industrial robot based on domestic robot operating system
Wang Jin, associate professor, Institute of robotics, Zhejiang University
Wang Jin, associate professor of Robotics Institute of Zhejiang University, who has undertaken many projects such as national youth Natural Science Foundation of China and Zhejiang Natural Science Foundation, introduced in detail the offline programming technology of industrial robots based on domestic robot operating system in the theme report of “offline programming technology of industrial robots based on domestic robot operating system” Programming simulation model library construction technology, industrial robot trajectory generation and intelligent planning, and large scene efficient motion simulation.
At the end of the report, Associate Professor Wang Jin gave a clear explanation of the relationship and division of labor between offline programming and embedded system. Embedded system is a real-time system, with job control as its main goal; Offline programming is a non real time system, which is mainly used for job simulation and optimization.. They interact through point file, program instruction and communication protocol.
Key technologies and prospects of embedded operating system in 5g field
Cui Yunfeng, chief technical engineer of ZTE’s operating system product department
Cui Yunfeng has more than ten years of experience in embedded operating system design and R & D. his report is entitled “key technologies and prospects of embedded operating system in 5g field”. The key requirement of 5g scenario is to enhance mobile bandwidth, massive machine connection, high reliability and low delay communication, so it puts forward very high requirements for 5g operating system in real-time, reliability, throughput, flexible deployment, resource occupation, information security and other aspects. Combined with the key requirements of 5g scenario, the report shares the key technologies and practices of ZTE 5g operating system.
When talking about the development trend, Cui said: with the continuous development of 5g technology, embedded operating systems pay more attention to business performance, cloud, real-time, reliable, security and other characteristics; after the integration of the two, embedded operating systems need to meet the needs of both industry and ICT.
Current situation and future development of robot controller
Zhang Xiaolong, founder of nabot Technology
In the report entitled “current situation and future development of robot controller”, Zhang Xiaolong, founder of nabot technology, combined with his own deep understanding, made an in-depth analysis on the development trend of robot industry, as well as the current situation and future development trend of domestic robot software operation platform.
After the strategic turning point of robot industry appeared, the horizontal industry chain constructed by parts enterprises developed rapidly and defeated the vertical industry chain; At the same time, domestic industrial robots have also ushered in the turning point from quantitative change to qualitative change, and will surpass imported products in an all-round way in the next few years. Zhang Xiaolong has repeatedly stressed the importance of opening up. He believes that robot ecology will bring a multi win mechanism, which can improve the efficiency of industrial division and cooperation, and give consideration to the efficiency and differentiation of development.
Industrial control operating system and runtime environment
Shi Jianqi, deputy director of national trusted embedded software engineering technology research center / software and hardware co design engineering center of Ministry of education of East China Normal University
Deputy director Shi Jianqi brings us the theme report of “industrial control operating system and runtime environment”. The report introduces the construction and key technologies of the operating system in the field of industrial control in detail, and focuses on the application of lightweight containerization technology in industrial app, as well as the key technologies and current implementation status of the industrial control runtime environment. At the same time, the core requirements and key technologies of the new generation of industrial operating system are prospected.
Afternoon topic: IOT operating system in aiot Era
Discussion on technology and standardization of Internet of things operating system
Reagan, engineer, network technology research office, IOT Research Center, China Institute of electronic technology standardization
Technology development, standards first. In the report entitled “Discussion on the technology and standardization of Internet of things operating system”, Reagan made an in-depth analysis and summary of the current situation of domestic operating system standardization. At the same time, this paper studies the IOT operating system, which contains a large number of embedded devices. By analyzing the existing IOT operating system architecture, this paper summarizes the technical route and common framework of IOT operating system, and puts forward some standardization suggestions according to the research results.
Overview of Tencent IOT operating system ecological layout and key technologies
Wang Lichao, senior engineer of Tencent
Wang Lichao has been engaged in the research and development of embedded software and IOT operating system in Dajiang and Huawei successively. Now he is mainly responsible for the design and development of Tencent IOT operating system Tencent ostini software architecture. In the theme report of “Tencent IOT operating system ecological layout and key technologies Overview”, Wang Lichao introduced in detail the product layout of Tencent operating system in the field of Tencent IOT, Tencent IOT terminal operating system tencentostiny product architecture and key technologies, Tencent IOT edge operating system tencentosedge product architecture and key technologies, and Tencent IOT Operating system solutions ecological incubation ideas and promotion strategies.
With the help of rich online and offline activities, Tencent has continuously enhanced the influence of Tencent ostini, and built IOT ecology with MCU / IP, Wireless SoC / module and terminal / project partners. With the rapid development of edge computing, the security of device nodes is also concerned, which has high requirements for data transmission security and storage security. Tencent OS edge implements a complete trusted chain from boot to application. Tencent OS edge is built into Intel’s latest generation tiger Lake CPU.
Challenges and technical solutions of IOT operating system in aiot Era
Yin deshuai, R & D director of Haier Group Youjia
The combination of AI and IOT brings new challenges to the IOT operating system. Limited by the vast amount of IOT business, the research direction and content of IOT operating system present new challenges, including the diversification and dynamics of security requirements, the contradiction between AI’s requirements for computing power and embedded system’s limited computing power resources, operating system scheduling and task management, memory management, and so on How to use AI technology and so on. In response to the above challenges, Yin deshuai made the theme report of “challenges and technical solutions exploration of IOT operating system in the aiot era”, explored how to deal with the current challenges from the perspective of technical solutions, and gave the corresponding technical solutions, as well as some application exploration in actual products.
The Internet of things needs AI enabling, and the research of operating system needs AI to inject new vitality! Yin deshuai thinks: the application of AI in the operating system, whether from the perspective of business or traditional research, has a great place to play. Embedded AI will become the standard configuration item of the operating system, just like network protocol and file system.
Internet of things operating system in 5g Era
Zhang Hongwei, technical expert of the Internet of animals operating system of China Mobile
Zhang Hongwei brought a report entitled “Internet of things operating system in 5g era”, which introduced the overall architecture, communication components, positioning components and information security components of oneos Internet of things operating system in detail. Oneos is a lightweight real-time operating system applied to the Internet of things terminal. It has a lightweight kernel that is easy to cut. It is safe and reliable. It can shield the underlying hardware, improve development efficiency, support interconnection, end cloud integration, remote upgrade and so on. It also provides a graphical integrated development environment, which can quickly realize a variety of Internet of things applications.
Aliosthingsaiot operating system
Hu Junfeng, senior technology expert of Alibaba cloud intelligence
Hu Junfeng is the overall director of the IOT end operating system Alios things. He proposed Haas (hardware as a service) and was responsible for 0-1 landing. Hu Junfeng analyzed the four major pain points (fragmentation, low security, weak interaction and high threshold) and three major trends (macro kernel, micro kernel, embedded application, small program, separation of software and hardware, integration of software and hardware) of embedded operating system in the theme report of “Alios things aiot operating system”.
As a highly scalable aiot unified operating system with independent intellectual property rights, the latest version of Alios things has two major technological innovations – microkernel and small program. Among them, microkernel has the advantages of high security and scalability. With the help of Haas, small and medium-sized aiot developers can quickly assemble software and hardware building blocks, so as to focus on personalized business, realize device security on the cloud, and accelerate the innovation iteration of aiot.
Architecture design of operating system in Internet of things Era
Song Yang, chief technology officer of Hangzhou instruction set Intelligent Technology Co., Ltd
Dr. Song Yang, who was once the director of Alibaba security Pandora laboratory, pointed out in the report entitled “architecture design of operating system in the era of Internet of things”: the operating system of Internet of things is a system mechanism suitable for the scene of Internet of things. It should be able to manage and connect new devices, configure the linkage rules between devices, and clearly describe the digital relationship between devices. Song Yang combined with the construction process of instruction set intelligent IOT operating system, analyzed the design of system software from the perspective of IOT scene, including connection oriented design, small data and big data collaboration, etc.
From embedded operating system to Internet of things gateway, and then to Internet of things operating system, not only to solve the problem of connection, but also to solve the problem of data collaboration, but also to adapt to a variety of Internet of things scenarios and security needs. Therefore, systematic design is the key. At present, a lot of work in the industry is related to one or more links. Song Yang stressed: it is necessary for us to look at the requirements and design of each link from the perspective of the overall system. The equipment safety is not completely controllable, and the overall safety often depends on the worst part. Therefore, it is very important to improve the safety of weak links.
Wonderful discussion session
In the discussion session, we invited Mr. He Xiaoqing, the early practitioner of embedded operating system in China, Professor Chen Wenzhi of Zhejiang University, Fu Linli, the founder of Hangzhou ruipo Intelligent Technology Co., Ltd., and Guo Jianchuan, CTO of Dongtu technology operating system division, to discuss the future development trend of embedded operating system based on the experience of many years of working in embedded industry, As well as domestic embedded operating system opportunities and challenges, future development path and other hot topics to share their insights and insights, and in-depth interaction with the audience. The guests made wonderful comments on the theme report in the afternoon, and gave their own expectations for the future development of Huawei Hongmeng OS.
Secretary general he Xiaoqing thinks: the future development trend of the Internet of things operating system with limited code is relatively clear (with features such as security and cloud integration), the pan Internet of things operating system will evolve in the direction of aiot, the industry is still exploring, and AI will become the basic attribute of the Internet of things operating system; The domestic embedded operating system industry is on the rise, with large development space, fierce competition and diversified development paths. He suggested that domestic embedded operating system enterprises focus on their own areas to help users quickly realize differentiated innovation and application in various application scenarios. Professor Chen Wenzhi looked forward to several development trends of embedded operating system in the future: cloud integration, software and hardware collaboration, ecological construction and standards.
Embedded operating system has a long history, a wide range of categories, a wide range of uses, products include RTOS, open source Linux, robot and communication equipment operating system, as well as the emerging Internet of things operating system, edge computing operating system platform. As long as the open source projects developed and maintained by Chinese people, they can be called “domestic embedded operating system” in a broad sense.
Compared with the first domestic embedded operating system technology and Industry Development Forum, Alibaba, instruction set and other companies have made great progress in the change of IOT operating system products. At the same time, this forum covers a wider range of fields including industrial and robot operating systems, bringing many new products and ideas. There is no doubt that the domestic embedded operating system industry is in the era of blooming flowers, with opportunities and challenges. It has unlimited development possibilities, but also faces severe challenges such as the lack of perfect ecological environment. It is hoped that all colleagues in the industry will work together to promote the rapid, steady and sound development of the domestic embedded operating system industry.
By scanning the QR code below, you can watch the live broadcast of the conference; by logging into the embedded system fraternity website, you can get ppt of some theme reports.
The embedded system fraternity is a science and Technology Salon providing technology and industry information exchange for experts, scholars, engineers and media in different disciplines of embedded system. The embedded fraternity regularly organizes offline and online meetings such as academic exchanges, technical seminars and market trends, and actively participates in industry science and technology exchange activities.
Editor in charge: Tzh