In the past few years, many industries, such as energy, transportation and medical care, have been actively promoting digital transformation. According to IDC’s forecast, by 2023, China’s digital economy driven by digital products and services will account for 51.3%, and a large number of new enterprises will emerge as the times require.
Now 5g business has entered its third year, what impact does 5g have on the digital transformation of the industry and the development of digital economy in various countries? What challenges does the world face when 5g promotes the digital transformation of the industry? How should industries respond?
In this regard, in Huawei’s “lighting up the future” studio during the recent 2021mwc Shanghai exhibition, 5g digital transformation strategist and father of “cloud economics” Joe Welman gave the answer.
5g is the new cornerstone of digital industry
With the advent of the new crown vaccine, the dawn of the world out of the haze of COVID-19 has emerged. After the epidemic, what will be the new trend of digital transformation?
In this regard, Jo Wayman first mentioned that the emergence of COVID-19 accelerated the pace of digital transformation in all sectors of the world. For example, the epidemic makes people have to stay at home, which also makes online office, online teaching and online treatment a new normal.
According to industry data, more than 20% of the institutions in the world adopted online office mode during the epidemic period. On the first day of the Spring Festival in 2020, more than 18 million enterprises adopt the online telecommuting mode, and nearly 300 million people start the home office mode; During the Spring Festival in 2020, the daily use rate of Internet Medical online consultation app reached the peak of 6.712 million, an increase of 31.28%.
Talking about the post epidemic era, Joe Weiman also pointed out that with the continuous development of industry digitization, people’s ties become closer, and this trend will continue.
In the medical field, the way people monitor health data is evolving to wearable devices and implantable devices. For example, patients with heart disease can record ECG data through wearable devices, and cardiologists at the other end of the world can visit them online.
In the process of industry digitalization, 5g network is being built all over the world. What role will 5g play in digitalization? Joe Weiman believes that 5g is changing the dimensions of network delay, bandwidth, security, performance, terminal density and mobility.
“The cornerstone of the global economy is digitization, the cornerstone of digitization is mobility, and 5g is the new mobility. So 5g is everything. ” Joe Weiman highlighted the value of 5g.
Persistence and Subversion: 5g brings two innovations
In the classic “innovator’s dilemma” by Clayton Christensen, creativity can be divided into continuous innovation and disruptive innovation. Joe Weiman believes that 5g network not only produces continuous innovation, but also brings disruptive innovation in the digital transformation of the industry.
In terms of continuous innovation, 5g will bring continuous innovation in the existing market. For example, in the field of video, 5g high bandwidth will bring consumers ultra high definition video experience; 5g high bandwidth also brings faster transmission speed, making file download faster.
In terms of disruptive innovation, 5g will open up an innovative market. For example, the introduction of 5g slicing network technology will enable different app data in mobile phones to carry different data to achieve flexible and dynamic allocation of network resources.
When asked how to promote the development of digital ecosystem in 5g era, Joe Weiman said: “on the one hand, ecological development requires technology providers to have global scale, scope, engineering talents, product management talents and manufacturing talents to create new products and services. On the other hand, ecosystem also needs partners such as system integrators and application developers to help the industry bridge the gap, so that enterprises, consumers and service providers can get the solutions they want and bring profits. “
In Weiman’s view, the impact of 5g on industry digitization is mainly in the aspect of mobility. In the automotive field, enterprises can predict and analyze the maintainability of vehicles through 5g mobility. For example, automobile enterprises can install sensors on the engine, and analyze the collected data to determine whether the speed and engine pressure are abnormal.
Global policy environment should support 5g
5g is the new cornerstone of global digitization. Meanwhile, 5g development can bring disruptive innovation, new applications and new markets to the world. It can be seen that 5g plays a role of propeller in the digital transformation of the industry. How to make 5g propeller work better?
Joe Weiman believes that, first of all, in accelerating the construction of 5g networks, governments should introduce more appropriate spectrum policies.
At present, from a global perspective, the global 5g spectrum policy is quite different. For example, in 2018, China’s national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance jointly issued a document that the frequency occupation fee standard of 5g public mobile communication system implemented the advantage of “exemption in the first three years, and gradually in place in the next three years”, and reduced the frequency occupation fee standard of public mobile communication system above 3000 MHz. This has also greatly reduced the capital pressure of China’s operators in the early stage of 5g development, and promoted the rapid development of 5g network and business.
For example, the chief executive of Bharti Airtel, India’s second-largest telecom operator, said: “it is very important to provide 5g spectrum at the lowest possible cost.”
Secondly, 5g development needs global standards and global technical cooperation. In Joe Weiman’s view, this will bring scale effect and learning curve effect, fundamentally reduce costs and open up new application fields.
In the 3G era, there are three sets of 3G standard systems in the world; In the 4G era, there are two sets of 4G standard systems in the world; In the 5g era, the world has realized “one world, one set of standards”. A set of standards enables global operators to avoid repeated construction and other problems, ensure the utilization rate of funds, and make 5g terminals and other industries develop much faster than 3G and 4G.
As for 5g technology, Joe Weiman thinks: “5g is just a technology. The key to the development of 5g is the policy environment. Instead of strangling 5g, 5g should be supported.”
Finally, Joe Weiman puts forward three general strategies in accelerating industry Digitization: first, enterprises need to build better processes, resource utilization and organizational structure. Second, the industry needs to transform from independent product R & D to intelligent digital connected products of platform and ecosystem. Third, use digital technology to accelerate industry innovation, so as to provide customers with faster, cheaper and better products.
Author’s observation: 5g accelerates the process of industry digitization to reach a consensus
Digital industry has been developed for many years, but its development also encountered some bottlenecks, mainly because there is no strong mobile network to support the demand of multi scene connection.
According to Joe Weiman’s analysis, first, the cornerstone of the global economy is digitization, the cornerstone of digitization is mobility, and 5g is the new mobility. So 5g will become the main force in the digital industry.
Second, from the perspective of the current global 5g development, the epidemic accelerates the 5g era, and the digital subversive and sustainable transformation process. Therefore, the global policy environment should not stifle 5g, but need to introduce more policies to support 5g.
Third, the industry needs to pay attention to ecological construction and standard technology cooperation, so that 5g can play a more active role in promoting industry digitization.
Editor in charge: GT